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EU China Relations

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This paper discusses the changing nature of international relations theory between the EU and ...... More...
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Paper Abstract:
This paper discusses the changing nature of international relations theory between the EU and China now that China has adopted neo-liberal and democratic economic reforms and has built itself into a global economic powerhouse. Theories of bilateral agreement and unconditional engagement are addressed.

Paper Introduction:
EU-China Relations Introduction The opening of China the adoption of neo-liberal economic reformsby Deng Xiaoping in the late s and China\'s membership in the WorldTrade Organization WTO signal a new era in international relationsbetween China and the world\'s major trading partners like the United Statesand the European Union EU Globalization and China\'s desire toreinvigorate its stalled economy demanded new approaches from Beijingtoward international relations As Noesselt claims To realize China\'sinterests the PRC began to establish partnership relations which wouldallow the PRC to

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For example, China is skilled andpractical when it comes to managing the EU. Many critics maintain that China, now a major economic player on theglobal stage, is able to exploit the EU because of the different factionsand conflicts with the EU, the lack of military threat of the EU, andbecause of superior financing and technology flows. London: British Academy, 2 7.Noesselt, Nele. February 22, 2 1 http://europa.eu/ rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=IP/ 9/1835&format=HTML, 1-2.Fox, John, and Godement, Francois. China is a powerful player on the world stage today. Memorandum of Understanding on Consultation and Cooperation Mechanism of Industrial Sectors . Fox and Godement claim that "Europe's approach to China is stuck inthe past. A more bi-lateral approach tointernational relations theory is seen in this relationship between the EU-China. Now a major global economic power, theunconditional engagement policy that characterizes the IR theory thatguides relations between the EU-China is shifting toward one that is morebi-lateral in its benefits and costs. February 22, 2 1 http://archive.sgir.eu/ uploads/Noesselt- Chinese%2 IR%2 Theory.pdf, 1-23. Except for human rights violation conflicts, since forging astrategic partnership in 2 3 China and the EU have enjoyed good relations. Even so the exchange of cash, finance,property, technology and information flows has become so great between theEU and China that even deeper relations are anticipated in the foreseeablefuture.Works Cited"China's Foreign Affairs and International Relations." Beijing: Embassy of the People's Republic of China, August 25, 2 8. Some progress in thisarea has been made. China wants wide access to EU markets and investment, it seekstechnology transfers, and it wants the EU and other partners to take thelion's share of the costs of the fight against climate change. Its significant economicclout has made China a major voice in foreign policy, one that seems tofavor its own agenda at the expense of the EU in their relationship. In contrast to China's partnership diplomacy, internationalrelations theory toward China where the EU is concerned is anachronistic atbest. AsFox and Godement assert: "China's policy towards the EU remains economic innature. Financing Agreement for the EU-China Environmental Governance Program . Its current international relations with theEU is based on the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence: 1) mutualrespect for sovereignty and territorial integrity; 2) mutual non-aggression; 3) non-interference in each other's internal affairs; 4)equality and mutually benefit; and 5) peaceful coexistence (China's 1).Because it has become an economic world power, China is positioned tocontinue to promote multi-polarization and democracy in internationalrelations. The EU continues to treat China as the emerging power it used tobe, rather than the global force it has become" (1). Its foreign policy revolvesaround the domestic goals of economic development and bolstering politicallegitimacy in the absence of free elections. As Kerr and Fei note, "In thepast 1 years the EU and China have emerged as new international actors.They have an increasingly diverse relationship covering economy, politics,technology, culture and education; but beyond these two-way linkages the EU-China development is also changing the international political environment"(3). is one example of this new world order (Kerr and Fei 3). 89583 EU-China Relations Introduction The opening of China, the adoption of neo-liberal economic reformsby Deng Xiaoping in the late 198 s, and China's membership in the WorldTrade Organization (WTO) signal a new era in international relationsbetween China and the world's major trading partners like the United Statesand the European Union (EU). Some progress has been made in this areawithin EU-China relations. The EU isthe largest trading partner of China and China is the second largesttrading partner of the EU. It alsowants the EU to refrain from rocking the boat on Taiwan and Tibet" (Fox andGodement 8). According to the European Council on Foreign Relations, thedeepening relationship between the EU and China is based on the belief thatChina will continue to "liberalize its economy, improve the rule of law,and democratize its politics" (Fox and Godement 1). Notable progress in all ranges of bilateralties was made" (China's 2). The International Politics of EU-China Relations. "In Search of Chinese IR Theory." University of Vienna, 2 8. Fox and Godementmaintain that the unconditional engagement theory used by the EUshortchanges the EU and favors China. Many issues continue to be addressed withinthe scope of EU-China relations. February 22, 2 1 http://al.china-embassy.org/eng/zggk/ t514667.htm, 1-4."EU-China Summit to Focus on Efforts in Striving for Ambitious Deal on Climate in Copenhagen." Europa, Press Release. Yet manyargue that China believes the EU needs it much more than it needs the EU,creating an imbalance in international relations. November 27, 2 9. Despite decisions inBeijing being significant to nearly every EU global concern (environment,nuclear proliferation, economic growth, etc.), the EU continues an IRtheory of "unconditional engagement," a policy that permits China access toall economic and other benefits of cooperation with the EU while "askingfor little in return" (Fox and Godement 2). Human rights violations and government control of media andfree speech continue to retard the full promise of international relationsbetween China and the EU and other nations. The following agreements were signed during the 12th EU-ChinaSummit: . This analysis will discuss theemerging shape of IR theory with respect to EU-China relations. As Noesselt claims, "To realize China'sinterests, the PRC began to establish partnership relations, which wouldallow the PRC to pursue her national interests by following a soft powerapproach and avoiding open military conflicts" (14). Issues from Taiwan and Tibet tonuclear proliferation and climate change must be addressed within an IRtheory that does not shortchange one partner for the benefit of the other.Beijing's newfound economic power and world clout should not permit it toengage in further human rights violations without consequences imposed byinternational partners like the EU. The 12th EU-China Summit on Climate Change washeld in November 2 9 in Brussels (EU 1). The following developments have occurred as a result of increased trustand more open trade and economic exchange: "Trade between China and the EUsaw rapid expansion. Body China's international relations with the EU are based on the sameprinciples of peace, economic development, and cooperation that it pursueswith other trading partners. Memorandum of Understanding of Near Zero Emission Coal Project . One of the biggest and most controversialof these is climate change. A Power Audit of EU-China Relations. The creation of a "strategic triangle" including the EU, China andthe U.S. Financing Agreement for the new Trade Project to Support China's sustainable trade and investment system . EU investment in China continues to grow. Renewal of the Science & technology Agreement (EU 1-2) Conclusion In conclusion, it is obvious that China is no longer a second-tierplayer in the world economy. Today China is aglobal power due to these reforms. London: European Council on Foreign Relations, 2 9.Kerr, David, and Fei, Liu. Globalization and China's desire toreinvigorate its stalled economy demanded new approaches from Beijingtoward international relations. China and theEU have been instrumental in reshaping international relations over thepast decade in the age of globalization.

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