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Role, status & significance of women in Greek epic & hero's success.
The role of women in Homer's Odyssey serves to highlight the adventures and problems that Odysseus must face as he journeys back to Ithaka, his kingdo... more
The role of women in Homer's Odyssey serves to highlight the adventures and problems that Odysseus must face as he journeys back to Ithaka, his kingdom, after completing his part in the Trojan War. His wanderings cover a 10-year period, and while he has been away from Ithaka, Penelope, his wife, has been contending with numerous suitors for her hand. Of course, Penelope is only one woman with whom Odysseus must deal. Actually, the women in the Odyssey fall into two types: immortal and mortal. In ancient Greece there was more of a choice.
Perhaps the Odyssey is one of the first great epic works which shows women in more than just a subservient position. In ancient Greek society, women were not considered to be of very high social rank. All the important matters of life were carried out by men, except such characteristically feminine functions as
Argues against legal restrictions on right of women to abortion. Court decisions, legislation, moral & religious aspects.
Abortion in America Today: Freedom of Choice
A woman's right to have a legal abortion was first proclaimed by the United States Supreme Court in the... more
Abortion in America Today: Freedom of Choice
A woman's right to have a legal abortion was first proclaimed by the United States Supreme Court in the case of Roe v. Wade (1973). In that historic case, the Court said that a woman's freedom to choose whether or not to bear children was so personal as to fall within the meaning of the "liberty" clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution. Whether legal or not, abortions had been going on for centuries, usually in back-alley shops where the conditions were less than sanitary, and where a doctor performing an abortion could face criminal charges. It is the contention of today's pro-choice activists that if abortions were made illegal, women would not stop having them, but there would be a return to the back-alley butcher shops which legalization was meant to eradicate.
Examines relationships between major female characters & their social & domestic roles.
In her novel The Awakening, Kate Chopin contrasts two characters, Edna Pontellier and Adèle Ratignolle. Edna is a young woman who makes an important... more
In her novel The Awakening, Kate Chopin contrasts two characters, Edna Pontellier and Adèle Ratignolle. Edna is a young woman who makes an important discovery about the nature of her marriage, her role as a woman in her society, and the degree to which her circumstances and the social setting have constrained her. Because of her inability to break free from the prison into which she now feels she has been placed simply by virtue of her being a woman, she commits suicide. Adèle Ratignolle is the woman in whom Edna confides. She is a motherly figure who revels in her roles as wife and mother, a contrast to Edna, who more and more chafes at those roles. Madame Ratignolle is a contrast for Edna, but her lifestyle is not a real choice for the latter, given the artistic temperament Edna possesses and the awareness that Madame Ratignolle is unaware of the fact that
Discusses biological & cultural influences on attitudes. Concepts of "feminine" & "masculine."
In every society, children learn from their parents the concept of "feminine" and "masculine" and what that means in a given culture. After all, much... more
In every society, children learn from their parents the concept of "feminine" and "masculine" and what that means in a given culture. After all, much about these conceptions is not biological at all but cultural. The way we tend to think about men and women and their gender roles in society constitute the prevailing paradigm that influences our thinking. This may change over time, and in the last forty years or so we have seen the concept undergo considerable change in the face of the feminist movement and related efforts to challenge traditional attitudes and ideas with something more egalitarian.
At the same time, as we can all see in our own family situations, there are certain gender roles and attitudes that do not change that much. Men and women are differentiated biologically by sexual function and by the general role of women
Examines stress factors. Necessity for a second income in families. Impact on mothers and children of mothers working full time. High risk factors affecting women at work. Stress from workplace violence. Job conditions that lead to stress including design of tasks, management style, interpersonal relationships, career concerns. Impact of 9/11.
Now, more than at any other time in the American historical period, women make up a large percentage of the labor force. Yet, as late as 1991, the De... more
Now, more than at any other time in the American historical period, women make up a large percentage of the labor force. Yet, as late as 1991, the Department of Labor records that “women represented 63% of all persons 18 and over who were living below the poverty level”. Additionally, the poverty rate for families maintained by women was recorded by the same source to be “six times as high as for married-couple families”. With this same source reporting that “of 67 million families in the United States in 1992, 12 million (18%) were maintained by women…[with] the lowest median family income ($16,692)” (US Dept of Labor, 4). While women who are forced to work outside the family because of a divorce, separation or widowhood are still seeking financial parity, those who chose to stay at home find they are not respected either. “In a culture that measures
This paper provides an analysis of Margaret Fuller’s “Woman in the Nineteenth Century” that focuses on the harsh criticism the plea for women’s rights received initially by an all-make group of literary critics. How this is relevant to contemporary views and insights of Fuller’s work is then described.
Woman in the Nineteenth Century Margaret Fuller was born in Cambridgeport MA on May Hampson At a time when women had few if any rights apartfrom their... more
Woman in the Nineteenth Century Margaret Fuller was born in Cambridgeport MA on May Hampson At a time when women had few if any rights apartfrom their husband Fuller received an intellectually rigorous classicaleducation Hampson Typical of her entire life Margaret Fullerchallenged the boundaries of this education and she ultimately became thefirst woman ever to be admitted to the formerly all-male Harvard CollegeLibrary In Joseph Jay Deiss wrote of Fuller that she might holdmore firsts than any American woman in history As
This paper discusses the original uniqueness of Native American Indian identities in terms of their nations, tribes, and culture as expressed through gender, language, and literature and the scientific image of the Indian.
Uniqueness of Native American Indian Identities The cultural tribal and national identities of Native AmericanIndians are marked by uniqueness that is... more
Uniqueness of Native American Indian Identities The cultural tribal and national identities of Native AmericanIndians are marked by uniqueness that is defined in part by language literature and gender The scientific image discussed by Berkhofer wasdeveloped by Euro-Americans in their representations of Indians but alsofigured into tribal and national identities impacting Indians at aconceptual level While Native American Indian nations and tribesoriginally had distinctly different cultures that shared neither auniversal language nor a known historical experience and consisted of hundreds of aboriginal
This paper provides an analysis of Kate Chopin’s short story “The Story of an Hour” that maintains the protagonist Louise dies from grief when she learns her husband is not dead, because the thought of returning to her controlling and stultifying marriage is unbearable to her.
The Story of an Hour Introduction Kate Chopin's short story The Story of an Hour takes place at atime when women were not viewed as equal to men Durin... more
The Story of an Hour Introduction Kate Chopin's short story The Story of an Hour takes place at atime when women were not viewed as equal to men During the nineteenthcentury roles for women were limited Primarily women's roles includedthat of wife and mother whose domain was basically confined to the domesticsphere Men controlled society and women while opportunities foreducation and career outside the home were limited or non-existent Asanother feminist writer and contemporary of Chopin's Charlotte PerkinsGilman explained Each woman has
In "Top Girls,"Caryl Churchill offers a feminist perspective on a male-dominated world. She dramatically excludes men from the play to emphasize the struggles and successes of women. In "'Master Harold' and the Boys" ballroom dance is used as a metaphor for global politics. This metaphor is taken even further through the individualized ideas of each of the play's three characters.
Top Girls Caryl Churchill's Top Girls represents the contemporary struggle ofwomen to achieve and succeed in a male-dominated world Churchill'sfeminis... more
Top Girls Caryl Churchill's Top Girls represents the contemporary struggle ofwomen to achieve and succeed in a male-dominated world Churchill'sfeminist prose tackles issues such as female poverty communityresponsibility familial obligation and the balance of career andmotherhood In order to best explore such female plights Churchilldramatically omits all men from her play The characters in Top Girls include both historic and modern women who have sacrificed their jobs their families and their self-worth at the expense of the men in theirlives It is
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This paper provides a discussion of how Katharina from The Taming of the Shrew and Juliet from Romeo and Juliet both suffer death in these Shakespeare plays, but Juliet’s death is little and represents no transformation whereas Katharina’s death is metaphorical and represents her obedience to the system but newfound maturity and personal growth.
Katharina Juliet Introduction In William Shakespeare's tragedy Romeo and Juliet and his comedy TheTaming of the Shrew a female dies In the former Juli... more
Katharina Juliet Introduction In William Shakespeare's tragedy Romeo and Juliet and his comedy TheTaming of the Shrew a female dies In the former Juliet literally dies killing herself when she sees Romeo is dead In the latter Katharina diesa metaphorical death when she agrees to obey the demands of her husbandPetruchio In both of these plays chaos disrupts the normal social order In Romeo and Juliet love between two young members of feuding familiesupsets the social order In The Taming of the