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Theories of Amer. businessman/thinker in scientific approach to management. Goals, principles, human & technical problems, production levels, worker education.
Born near the mid-point of the nineteenth century, Frederick W. Taylor, is a striking example of the self-made man who, through his own efforts and in... more
Born near the mid-point of the nineteenth century, Frederick W. Taylor, is a striking example of the self-made man who, through his own efforts and intelligence, not only dramatically altered his own life, but also revolutionized the theory and practice of management. Taylor came on the scene in America at a time (1880 to 1890) when industrialization had hit a peak and the growing faith in science as the savior of man and his endeavors was becoming a significant aspect of the American ethic. Taylor synthesized these elements into both a theory of management practice and a “scientific method” applicable to the solution of management problems (Merrill 66).
One of the characteristic developments in American industry which was coincidental with Taylor’s appearance and work, was the growing separation of attitudes and objectives of labor and
Examines theories on the personhood of a fetus, when life begins, ethics, right to life, women's power over own body.
This paper will consider some of the philosophical questions which have been raised regarding the issue of abortion. One of the most important such q... more
This paper will consider some of the philosophical questions which have been raised regarding the issue of abortion. One of the most important such questions regards the extent to which a fetus can be said to possess a right to life. If a fetus indeed has a right to life, then there obviously must be strict limitations on the extent to which be, abortions may considered morally permissible. However, there have been numerous arguments which have cast doubt on the theory that a fetus has a right to life. From this perspective, it may be said that abortion is morally permissible in nearly all cases.
One of the ways in which this question has been approached is from the view that human rights are related to "personhood." In this view, a distinction is made between a human body, which could perhaps be a corpse, and a "person," which possesses such
Discusses some of the problems & controversies involved in studying primates as a basis for understanding humans.
Primates and Mechanistic Behavior
There are a number of different species of primates in the world today, and there have been others that are now exti... more
Primates and Mechanistic Behavior
There are a number of different species of primates in the world today, and there have been others that are now extinct. The best-known and most widely-dispersed primate on earth is man. Anthropologists study human behavior in all its manifestations and find connections between the behavior of very different groups, such as Pacific Islanders and Londoners, Bantu tribesmen in Africa and the average New Yorker, and so on. Such studies are accepted because of the accepted view that human behavior in different settings reflects underlying forces and motivations which are common to all human beings. Primate studies which examine the behavior of other primates and then extrapolate from the results to the human condition raise different issues and cause some researchers to reject any such connection as too
Evaluates the characteristics, issues, & developmental contribution of adolescence.
Concepts of Adolescence
One of the things that was most interesting to me to read was that adolescence has not always existed as a separ... more
Concepts of Adolescence
One of the things that was most interesting to me to read was that adolescence has not always existed as a separate category. During most of human history, children have undergone rites of passage or initiation that made them full-fledged adults in their society, rather than part-children, part-adults, like contemporary adolescents, or teen-agers have become.
In the last two centuries, however, adolescence has become a separate category and psychologists and sociologists have attempted to understand the characteristics and developmental contribution of that age. Adolescence is generally considered to start with puberty, about age 12 or 13 and may extend into
Explores the issue of decentralization in public administration and in the private sector to gain an understanding of its advantages and disadvantages.
The history of public administration and management theory is one of changing understandings of the rela... more
The history of public administration and management theory is one of changing understandings of the relationship between employees and managers, between the organization and the community, and between organizations. It is not a history in which theories are built incrementally, or additively, simply by adding new information to what has gone before. Instead, theories seem to be led by changes in political thought and cultural values, which influence the way in which relationships are conceptualized.
One current trend is toward a belief that decentralization is more efficient and effective than centralized administration.
Review the philosophies and frameworks of contemporary nurisng theorists and various institutional philosophies of professional nursing. The paper defines the elements of philosophy development and how the author's philosophy supports professinal practice.
PHILOSOPHY OF NURSING Introduction Nursing philosophy refers to the concepts notions assumptions andpostulates that underpin the practice of nursing S... more
PHILOSOPHY OF NURSING Introduction Nursing philosophy refers to the concepts notions assumptions andpostulates that underpin the practice of nursing Seedhouse Thepurpose of this paper is to provide a brief overview of the philosophiesand frameworks of contemporary nursing theorists as related to theinstitutions of nursing the individual health care environment health andillness and the nursing practice itself The models selected were the Roy Adaptation Model of Nursing Dorothy Johnson's Behavioral System model Betty Neuman's Systems Model Dorothea Orem's Self-Care Model and Imogene King's
The human experience involves five general perspectives on human behavior, each of which emphasizes different factors. These are the biological, learning, sociocultural, cognitive, and psychodynamic perspectives. This paper delineates how each of these perspectives explain the beginning, development and maintenance of a stable marital relationship.
HOW RELATIONSHIPS BEGIN DEVELOP AND ARE MAINTAINED FIVE PERSPECTIVES Introduction The human experience involves five general perspectives on humanbeha... more
HOW RELATIONSHIPS BEGIN DEVELOP AND ARE MAINTAINED FIVE PERSPECTIVES Introduction The human experience involves five general perspectives on humanbehavior each of which emphasizes different factors These are thebiological learning sociocultural cognitive and psychodynamicperspectives This paper very briefly delineates how each of theseperspectives explain the beginning development and maintenance of a lovingand stable marital relationship The Biological Perspective Bateson states that the basic biological perspective isthat all human behavior is biogenetic at its foundation Thus people formrelationships and marry with those who are
This paper provides a chapter-by-chapter summary of a book for human services workers, Working with People: The Helping Process. Each summary provides a chapter review and thoughts important points with agreement or disagreement.
Working with People The Helping Process th Edit Naomi I Brill Joanne Levine Thomson Higher Learning Chapter Chapter Description Thoughts on Content Th... more
Working with People The Helping Process th Edit Naomi I Brill Joanne Levine Thomson Higher Learning Chapter Chapter Description Thoughts on Content This chapter posits the field of The contents in this chapter are human services within a larger very informative in showing that dynamic social context Impacted by human services does not exist in a trends and changes in society human vacuum but is impacted by any number services workers are most effective of trends and changes in society being aware
Two short papers that examine the theories of psychoanalysts Erik Erikson (stages of psychosocial development) and Karen Horney (neurosis).
This paper is an overview of the essential theories of Germandevelopmental psychologist Erik H Erikson who established thetheory of the stages of psyc... more
This paper is an overview of the essential theories of Germandevelopmental psychologist Erik H Erikson who established thetheory of the stages of psychosocial development and who coined the phrase identity crisis Erikson's model continues to be an important tool bothin the study of early childhood personality development and in the overallexamination of how the ego faces specific crises and deals with them eitherin a healthy way or through the compensations of various psychopathologies Erikson's work served as a prolegomena for much subsequent
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Proposal for a study on female coming of age thematized by women artists in contemporary photography.
Research Proposal Thematizing the Female Coming of Age by ContemporaryWomen PhotographersResearch Problem A number of feminists and female artists hav... more
Research Proposal Thematizing the Female Coming of Age by ContemporaryWomen PhotographersResearch Problem A number of feminists and female artists have advanced the argumentthat the arts can and should be used to explicate feminist practice and thefeminist problematic Kelly From the perspective of theorists suchas Mary Kelly one should separate a generalized feminist art from afeminine discourse in art Such a task would invariably includeidentifying the biopsychosociological meanings and effects of the femalecoming of age Precisely such a task has been undertaken by