Discussion of the No. 2 man in the Al Queda network. An Egyptian physician and one of the most wanted terrorist suspects in the world. Involvement with terrorist attacks on World Trade Center, Pakistan & African embassy and U.S.S. Cole bombings. Attempt of al-Zawahiri and Osama bin Laden to establish dominance in the Arab world. Formation of al-Zawahiri's worldview. Spokesperson for Islamic militants. Pioneer in the use of suicide bombers.
Ayman al-Zawahiri Doctor of Terrorism The world of terrorism most people associate with Osama bin Laden is actually a mixed world of... more
Ayman al-Zawahiri Doctor of Terrorism The world of terrorism most people associate with Osama bin Laden is actually a mixed world of terrorism based as much on the views and actions of an Egyptian physician, Ayman al-Zawahiri. As a lawyer who was jailed with al-Zawahiri, Montasser al-Zayat, notes: “Ayman is for bin Laden like the brain to the body” (Lacayo, 2001, 77). Dr. Ayman al-Zawahiri now has a price of twenty-five million dollars on his head due to his involvement with the Pakistan and Africa embassy bombings, the bombing of the U.S.S. Cole, and both attacks on the World Trade Centers. Ayman al-Zawahiri is now thought to lead Qaeda al-Jihad, the organization that is the product of both his and bin-Laden’s former terrorist organizations – Al Qaeda and Egyptian Islamic Jihad.
Examines influences of the attacks on post Cold War policies. Actions of the U.S., the E.U. (European Union), and Russia. Post Cold War challenges to international order. American foreign policy and shift in priorities, approach to terrorism, and further globalization. E.U. and Russian foreign policies. Geopolitical implications.
POST COLD-WAR POST 9/11 U.S., E.U. & RUSSIAN FOREIGN POLICIES This research paper examines the influence and impact of the terrorist attacks of... more
POST COLD-WAR POST 9/11 U.S., E.U. & RUSSIAN FOREIGN POLICIES This research paper examines the influence and impact of the terrorist attacks of 9/11/01 upon the post Cold-War foreign policies of the United States, the European Union (EU) and Russia. In the wake of the collapse of the Soviet Union, these three great powers, once the threat of superpower nuclear war among them diminished, found themselves confronting new menaces to world order and their own particular interests. Ever since the 9/11 attacks, American foreign policy has predominantly focused on conducting and building international support for its global war on terrorism and addressing the dangers posed by the acquisition and hostile use by '
9/11 terrorist attack on the United States. Examines whether the attack marked a new type of terrorism. Comparison of a classical terrorist act to 9/11. Definitions of terrorism. Terrorism as political violence. Classical tactics and objectives. Motivation and agenda of the new terrorism. History and examples of classic terrorist acts and the "new" terrorism. Al-Queda.
THE NEW TERRORISM Introduction The terrorist attack on New York and Washington on September 11, 2001 clearly marks a qualitatively new... more
THE NEW TERRORISM Introduction The terrorist attack on New York and Washington on September 11, 2001 clearly marks a qualitatively new level of sheer destructiveness. A distinct question, however, and possibly even more important in the long run, is whether that attack, and other recent terrorist attacks, represent a qualitatively new type of terrorism, in terms of who carries it out, for what motives, and with what objectives. This question had already been considered by students of terrorism, who saw a new pattern emerging of deadlier attacks on behalf of vaguer causes (Lesser et al., 1999). In the wake of the September 11 attack, these ideas have been reported to a much wider public (e.g., Greenberg, 2001). The argument for regarding
Examines the ways in which countries and people worldwide have learned to cope with terrorism. How people create a sanctuary to shield themselves and their families. Various examples of coping strategies. Importance of hospitality in a family home. Maintaining important traditions. Consideration of the family as the most important social unit.
Sanctuary in an Unsafe World On September 11, 2001, the United States experienced a terrorist attack that left thousands of people dead and... more
Sanctuary in an Unsafe World On September 11, 2001, the United States experienced a terrorist attack that left thousands of people dead and millions more fearful that terrorism, previously believed to be largely confined to other regions of the world, would now become a part of everyday American life. The purpose of this report is to consider the ways in which other countries and other people for whom terrorism or civil unrest has been endemic for many years, have learned to cope with this particular problem. The research question is, therefore, what ways of creating “sanctuary” have other peoples adopted to shield themselves, their families, and their homes from external trauma and terrorism? To answer this question, a number of different examples of coping strategies and the process of sanctuary building will be discussed. A report by C
Roles of key agencies. Examines responsibilities of the Federal Aviation Administrator (FAA), the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), and the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). How these agencies addressed the security issues of airport/airplane safety, tighter border controls and intelligence gathering. Intelligence failure of 9/11. Need for interagency cooperation. Table of Contents.