CONTRIBUTIONS OF SOVIET WOMEN DURING WORLD WAR II ON THE HOMEFRONT AND ON THE BATTLEFIELD It is often said that war is hell. No one knows... more
CONTRIBUTIONS OF SOVIET WOMEN DURING WORLD WAR II ON THE HOMEFRONT AND ON THE BATTLEFIELD It is often said that war is hell. No one knows that better than those who fight and suffer as a result of war. Women in the Soviet Union during WWII not only fought in some instances but also made significant contributions in keeping their homes, families and country together during the war years. Women's contributions ranged from harvesting crops to flying fighter aircraft and shooting down enemy planes. Nothing was too difficult or too demanding during the war years. Understanding the status of women in the labor force just before war broke out is important. Following the Revolution, women in the 1920s stood to gain as a result of rapid industrial growth and the growing urbanization of the population. Soon the
Evaluates movement toward democracy in Romania & Soviet Union through early 1991, with negative conclusion.
The year 1989 was, as proclaimed in the American mass media, a banner year for democracy. Across Eastern Europe, Soviet-backed Communist regimes... more
The year 1989 was, as proclaimed in the American mass media, a banner year for democracy. Across Eastern Europe, Soviet-backed Communist regimes crumbled, peacefully for the most part. A "velvet revolution" rose to power in Czechoslovakia. The Berlin wall crumbled. Solidarity took charge in Poland. In the independent but repressive Communist country of Romania, the "democratic" revolution triumphed a harder way, with the rising against and bloody fall of Nicolae Ceausescu. In the Soviet Union itself, Mikhail Gorbachev aligned himself solidly with the liberal elements in Soviet society, and the country moved rapidly towards a more open political order. Only in China, with the massacre in and around Tienanmen Square, did the tide towards democracy seem to be momentarily arrested in 1989. But the enthusiasm about democracy's progress was, for a time, heady.
School policy for handicapped & gifted children, focusing on republic of Russia.
This paper will be concerned with special education in Russia. Russia is one of the 15 republics of the Soviet Union. In fact, it is the largest of... more
This paper will be concerned with special education in Russia. Russia is one of the 15 republics of the Soviet Union. In fact, it is the largest of all the Soviet republics in terms of both size and population. Most of the major cities of the Soviet Union are located in the Republic of Russia. Therefore, Russia is the center for most cultural development in the Soviet Union, including that which is related to educational research. Regarding special education, it may be noted that most of the republics of the Soviet Union are lacking special school facilities in their rural areas. As a result, many peasants in the Soviet Union who require special education for their children are unable to gain access to such schools. However, the Republic of Russia differs from the other Soviet republics in that it has more special education facilities per capita, and that such
Evolution of Soviet President's policy with respect to the nationalities issue, 1988-91.
This study will contrast the policy of Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev with respect to the nationalities issue in the Soviet Union as presented in... more
This study will contrast the policy of Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev with respect to the nationalities issue in the Soviet Union as presented in his book Perestroika: New Thinking for Our Country and the World and the policy that has emerged as Gorbachev responded to turbulent events in the Soviet republics since October, 1990. The study will discuss the changes that have occurred in Gorbachev's thought and actions as a result of these events. The first observation which even a casual reader must make with respect to Gorbachev's treatment of the nationalities issue in Perestroika is that there is so little of that coverage. It might be said that Gorbachev refers obliquely to the problems of the republics and their nationalities issues when he writes with some sense of threat in his tone on the "observance of law--an
Analyzes Gorbachev's efforts to reform Soviet Union & reasons this policy will not succeed. Damage done to political, ideological & economic base of nation.
This study will examine the flaws in perestroika, and the reasons that it will not survive as a viable policy in the Soviet Union. Specifically, the... more
This study will examine the flaws in perestroika, and the reasons that it will not survive as a viable policy in the Soviet Union. Specifically, the study will examine the reasons that the haphazard reforms initiated by Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev under perestroika have damaged the political, ideological, and economic base in the Soviet Union. Gorbachev's efforts with respect to perestroika have been based on the recognition that the old Soviet system simply was no longer viable. As we read in Doder and Branson, "The Soviet system had been perpetuating the worst features of imperial Russia, enforcing a uniformity and obedience that spawned passivity and a lack of social and civic responsibility. The system, in effect, had turned Russia into a country of 'political illiterates,' as one Gorbachev aide put it. Gorbachev wanted to restructure the
Political, economic & military issues confronting Latvia, Lithuania & Estonia as they seek independence from Soviet Union.
In January of 1991, the Baltic nation of Latvia was invaded by elite troops of the Soviet Union. The invasion of Latvia came one week after a similar... more
In January of 1991, the Baltic nation of Latvia was invaded by elite troops of the Soviet Union. The invasion of Latvia came one week after a similar raid had taken place in the bordering nation of Lithuania. Between March and May of 1990, Latvia and Lithuania, as well as the third Baltic nation of Estonia, had all declared independence from the domination of the Soviet Union. It is in response to these declarations that the Soviet military has been brought into play in the Baltic region. The invasion of the Soviet Union on the Baltic states has raised a number of important questions regarding the Cold War. The Cold War began shortly after the end of the Second World War, when the Soviet leader Joseph Stalin began conquering the weakened nations of Eastern Europe. Because of these conquests, the United States and the other nations of the Western world perceived a need for
(Miron Dolot). Analyzes world view of author in his portrayal of Stalin's policies of food shortage in 1920s-30s.
This study will provide a book report of Miron Dolot's Execution By Hunger, focusing not on the events of the book but rather on the world view of the... more
This study will provide a book report of Miron Dolot's Execution By Hunger, focusing not on the events of the book but rather on the world view of the author as expressed in his presentation and analysis of the policies of Joseph Stalin in the late 1920s and early 1930s which led to the deaths of from five to seven million people by starvation in Ukraine. The book specifically concentrates on the experiences undergone by the author himself as a young boy in a Ukrainian village. As a result of his subjectivity, we find the author's world view a desperate and dark one. His work is clearly dedicated to making the world aware of what happened in those terrible Stalinist years in the Ukraine, and to make certain that the people who died there are not forgotten, but we are left, after reading the book, with the feeling that the reader is
History, geography, market potential, standard of living, socioeconomics.
This research provides a general overview of the Polish People's Republic. Included is an analysis of the country's geography, its market potential,... more
This research provides a general overview of the Polish People's Republic. Included is an analysis of the country's geography, its market potential, environment, history, culture and tradition. Modern Poland came into existence in 1918. Prior to that, Poland had been partitioned three times by the Prussians and Austrians in 1772, 1792 and 1795. An elective monarchy had failed to produce strong central authority after John Sobieski (John III) turned back the Turks in 1683, making the country ripe-for control by Austria and Prussia. Poland reached the peak of its power between the fourteenth and sixteenth centuries. The reconstitution of 1918 was short-lived, however. A coup in 1926 resulted in Marshal Josef Pilsudski ruling dictatorially until his death in 1935; he was succeeded by Marshal Edward
Background events leading up to & culminating in 1989 overthrow of communist government.
The disestablishment of communism in Czechoslovakia at the end of 1989 was surprising in both the way it happened and the extent to which it happened,... more
The disestablishment of communism in Czechoslovakia at the end of 1989 was surprising in both the way it happened and the extent to which it happened, leading to question whether a revolution had actually taken place. However, Webster's Dictionary defines "revolution" as "a sudden, radical, or complete change," and a political revolution involves fundamental changes in the structure of a society, its basic beliefs, and individual behavior. This, experts argue, is what has and is still taking place in Czechoslovakia, a one-time stable and closely-tied Soviet Union ally. The purpose of this research will be to discuss the revolution in Czechoslovakia, including the events leading up to it, the "10-days of revolution," and the revolution's consequences for the nation and its Eastern European neighbors.