Analyzes provisions & likely effects of 1996 Congressional proposal sent to President Clinton & recommends he sign it.
WELFARE REFORM: POLICY ANALYSIS Introduction Substantive welfare reform has been a contentious political issue in the United States since... more
WELFARE REFORM: POLICY ANALYSIS Introduction Substantive welfare reform has been a contentious political issue in the United States since the election of President Clinton in 1992 (Minow and Weissbourd 1-3). The issue assumed even greater significance following the election of a Republican majority in the Congress in 1994. Both the Democratic Administration and the Republican majority in the Congress favor welfare reform; however, each side has a different set of priorities. One result of these differing perspectives has been the vetoing by President Clinton of welfare reform legislation enacted by the Congress. A new welfare reform bill has now been developed by the Congress. Both the House of Representatives and the Senate passed welfare r
Examines basic principles based on Weber's Protestant work ethic, English Poor Laws, classical liberalism & Marxism; evolution of welfare in U.S.
An eclectic intellectual tradition forms the foundation of modern social welfare in the United States. Basic principles related to the Protestant... more
An eclectic intellectual tradition forms the foundation of modern social welfare in the United States. Basic principles related to the Protestant work ethic, the English Poor Laws, the Judeo-Christian tradition, and Marxism have all left their influence on public policies that assist the poor. The current election year has given rise to a re-examination and reformulation of poverty programs and policies. Although modern government regulations that deal with poverty are purely secular, a significant portion of past social welfare ideology was based on religious principles. In his theory of the Protestant work ethic, Weber attempted to explain the influence of religious thought on economic activity. Weber's theory was that capitalism in America and Europe is an outgrowth of the desire by religious individuals for worldly asceticism.
Examines alternative proposals for job programs aimed at reducing welfare. Politics, funding, minimum wage, federal & state roles, economic theory. Outline.
WELFARE REFORM AND JOB TRAINING I. Introduction. A. Background. B. Problem. C. Purpose. II. Welfare Reform: The... more
WELFARE REFORM AND JOB TRAINING I. Introduction. A. Background. B. Problem. C. Purpose. II. Welfare Reform: The Broader Perspective. A. Character of the American welfare system. B. Public perceptions of the welfare system. C. Reform proposals. III. Welfare Reform: The Job Training Component. A. Public support for job training. B. Job training and welfare reform. 1. Republican proposals and perspectives. 2. Democratic proposals and perspectives. C. Fund
Examines theory & policy in states & nation, alternative reforms, politics, impact on families, workfare.
Welfare reform has been given a high priority by the Republican Congress. Welfare is administered differently in the different states, but reform is... more
Welfare reform has been given a high priority by the Republican Congress. Welfare is administered differently in the different states, but reform is being directed at giving even more control to the individual states. The Republican program would first of all send many programs back to the states and allow local control. The legislation would end the 60-year federal guarantee of providing welfare checks to eligible low-income mothers. Representative E. Clay Shaw Jr. from Florida, chairman of the House Ways and Means Human Resources Subcommittee, sees this change as "the first step in getting rid of poverty and the programs that have so corrupted this country" (Katz, 1995, 3544). Welfare policy evolved slowly over the last fifty years or so. It is manifested in different ways in different parts of the country already, though it is determined
Examines socioeconomic, political & ethical factors related to reform.
Recently, there has been a major discussion of the American welfare system and its costs, and inherent in this discussion has been a question as to... more
Recently, there has been a major discussion of the American welfare system and its costs, and inherent in this discussion has been a question as to whether we are morally obligated to help people who are unproductive and who may have made of themselves a burden on society. Taxpayers have become irate at the idea that some people are not doing their share but are expecting society at large to support them. Underlying this discussion is the question as to under what circumstances are we morally obligated to share the product of our labors with others? In seeking an answer, we must consider aspects of the concept of distributive justice and answer objections that might be raised. The Republican welfare plan now proposed in Congress raises a number of important issues. These are the ten real issues found in the research on this topic:
Analzyes biases, injustices, myths, history & reform of system, focusing on welfare mothers & absentee fathers, public opinion, economics, child-rearing.
The Paradox of Welfare: Policy in Unresolved Conflict with Gender
One fourth of all children in America currently live in... more
The Paradox of Welfare: Policy in Unresolved Conflict with Gender
One fourth of all children in America currently live in "near-poverty households" (Rivlin as quoted in Schorr, 1986, p. 79). Between 1935 and 1950, the elderly had been receiving the bulk proportion of all social welfare programs. Yet by 1970 there were more recepients of Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) than any other program. Originally social welfare policy had been conceived and administered as aid to the elderly, now its function has become altered until it appears to be primarily offering aid to "dependent children of unmarried, divorced or abandoned women" (Berkowitz, 1988, p. 203). Is is possible that too much of the burden for children born into
Pros & cons, need for, impact on recipients, Republicans' Personal Responsibility Act.
The Personal Responsibility Act is the name given to current legislation before the House of Representations to reform welfare. It has been believed... more
The Personal Responsibility Act is the name given to current legislation before the House of Representations to reform welfare. It has been believed for some time that there was a need for welfare reform, though how to achieve this and what a different welfare system would entail has been the subject of considerable argument. The current approach has been labeled mean-spirited and misdirected by critics who see in it an attack not on welfare cheats or even on the bureaucracy administering welfare but on those least able to fight back or to succeed without government assistance, namely women and children and the truly needy poor. The Republicans state that they are placing incentives in the law to get people off the welfare rolls, incentives that will make it more attractive to have a job than to be on welfare, and incentives to prevent socially undesirable
If America has learned anything in the 30 years since this country declared "war on poverty," it is this: a problem cannot be resolved if it is not... more
If America has learned anything in the 30 years since this country declared "war on poverty," it is this: a problem cannot be resolved if it is not understood. Social plans that are based on misunderstanding the nature of poverty not only fail to work, they can make problems worse. Lawmakers should heed this lesson as they venture into the issue of welfare reform. This research examines the nature of welfare and contrasts the various reform experiments to the system. The potential impact of welfare reform on poverty levels, teen pregnancy and children will be explored in particular. Blaming the Victim The challenge of welfare reform is that it touches deeply some of the core values that have divided us as a nation for more than the past 30 years (Bennett, 1995, p. 38). If this
Analyzes 1993 report from New York City's Foster Care Committee. Philosophy on families, recommendations, placement, aftercare, criticism of.
At the end of 1993, a commission appointed by then-New York City Mayor David Dinkins issued a report intended to guide New York City in its foster... more
At the end of 1993, a commission appointed by then-New York City Mayor David Dinkins issued a report intended to guide New York City in its foster care policy for the remainder of the decade of the 1990s and beyond. This study was released under the title of Child Welfare at a Crossroads: Rethinking Redirecting Reinvesting. This report actually contains the reports of three distinct committees, the Foster Care Committee, the Adoption/Independent Living Committee, and the Courts Committee. The emphasis in the following discussion is upon the report of the Foster Care Committee, though it will be seen that this report has ramifications reaching into every area of child and family services. Most of the Foster Care Committee's specific recommendations are purely administrative in nature. Thus, for example,
Changing socioeconomic conditions in Great Depression & welfare programs of Roosevelt's New Deal. Politics, leadership, evolution of policy & social work.
Social welfare, cultural norms and the nature of government ental institutions are inexorably linked. Changes in one will oftentimes produce changes... more
Social welfare, cultural norms and the nature of government ental institutions are inexorably linked. Changes in one will oftentimes produce changes throughout the other social institutions. This research examines the historical relationship between social welfare and the politics of society in three dimensions. First, the state of social welfare and social services will be documented in the course of the Great Depression. Second, the evolution of social conditions and the institution of welfare will be shown from the 1930s through World War II. Finally, the historical analysis will provide insight as to how these social institutions are deeply intertwined with politics and society. Social welfare can be defined either very narrowly or quite broadly. In its narrow sense, social welfare includes those