|PHAROAH AS GOD, PHAROAH AS RULER
The Dual Role of Kingship in Ancient Egypt
Illusions of Immobility
The popular image of ancient Egypt is of a civilization that persisted nearly without change, in culture, religion, or the role of the king, in the nearly three thousand years of its existence. The modern tourist, or viewer of illustrations in coffee-table books, can view inscriptions and art from the time of the Pyramids, c. 2680 BCE, or from the time of Rameses II, c. 1200 BCE, and see no obvious sign of change or development. This static perception of ancient Egypt is, however, a superficial one.
It is created in part by the very strong and distinctive Egyptian artistic