|RELIGION IN THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS
This research paper discusses separation of church and state and other issues relating to religion in the public schools in the United States. A number of factors determine the ground rules for the handling of such issues by teachers and school administrators --school policies, state and federal legislation and rulings by state and federal courts. The ultimate arbiter is the United States Supreme Court the decisions of which have been clear in some areas, such as school prayer and less clear in others, such as the permissible limits of public aid to religious institutions and school dress codes.
Basic Constitutional Framework
The First Amendment of the United States Constitution provides: "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment