Argues U.S. practiced inequality toward minorities & poor between Civil War & WWI in opposition to Amer. Dream.
Equality and Opportunity in America, 1865-1914 This paper will discuss the connected themes of equality and opportunity in the United States... more
Equality and Opportunity in America, 1865-1914 This paper will discuss the connected themes of equality and opportunity in the United States between the Civil War and the First World War. The American dream has always been that economic and social success is available to anyone, regardless of his or her background, who is willing to work hard enough. This paper will discuss the argument that equality and opportunity did not apply in the same degree to all individuals and groups in the United States during this time period. Racial and ethnic minorities did not all have the same opportunities to advance themselves economically and socially; in addition, those starting out in life with economic disadvantages were seldom able to achieve the dream of success which was held before them in popular culture. The first part of the paper will examine this dream and
Views of Marx, Weber & functionalism on causes & functions of racism in society.
The problem of racism is not specifically an American problem, though Americans have made it into an important political and social issue as they have... more
The problem of racism is not specifically an American problem, though Americans have made it into an important political and social issue as they have tried to find a way to eliminate racism from their society. Racism occurs whenever there is a dominant racial group that uses its position to discriminate against a minority racial group on the basis of racial characteristics. Traditionally, discrimination has been seen as a creature of prejudice, and until the late 1960s the dominant perspective among social science analysts of discrimination was that prejudice and intolerance were the causes of discriminatory actions. Other observers have focused on individual racists and have seen the problem as the individual motivated by hatred of a given "outgroup." Still others consider the issue in terms of patterns of segregation and community
Racism & sexism in business & society. Politics, integration, harrassment, instutionalized biases.
Business today has to take a broad view of ethical issues, not in terms of letting certain actions slide as was done in the past, but in terms of... more
Business today has to take a broad view of ethical issues, not in terms of letting certain actions slide as was done in the past, but in terms of seeing more and more of its choices as ethical dilemmas with pitfalls for the company as well as for society. We live today in a litigious society and to a degree in a more judgmental one, and ethical lapses are closely followed by a public that is both eager to hear details of every error in judgment and unwilling to look the other way when it believes an individual or a company has done something unethical. Race and sex discrimination in their various forms are clearly ethical issues for business, issues which impact on society and which are viewed as fundamental issues of right and wrong. Society at large no longer takes the attitude that such discrimination is acceptable. Indeed, an examination of what Americans have always
Research, controversies, major issues, race, socioeconomics.
Whenever violence occurs, especially when it is committed by males, people begin to question whether society, by failing to nurture these anti-social... more
Whenever violence occurs, especially when it is committed by males, people begin to question whether society, by failing to nurture these anti-social individuals, is responsible for the violence, or whether these individuals are genetically predisposed toward violence regardless of the nurturing they might have received from society (4:52). Until recently, scientists had no adequate way to explore this controversy, and little incentive, since the issue was seen as so politically inflammatory that it was best left alone. Recently, however, advances in genetics and biochemistry have given researchers new tools to search for biological clues to criminality. Though answers remain a long way off, advocates of the work believe science could help shed light on the roots of violence and offer new solutions for society.
Prejudices, myths, socioeconomic racism, role of media, passivity, Japan-bashing, student discrimination, violence, Asian resistance, institutional bigotry.
This study will examine anti-Asianism in the United States. Every source consulted for this analysis emphasizes the fact that Asian-Americans have... more
This study will examine anti-Asianism in the United States. Every source consulted for this analysis emphasizes the fact that Asian-Americans have suffered from anti-Asian prejudice of various sorts, from the subtle to the brutal. Why, then, is there so relatively little consciousness about this anti-Asianism in the United States? Takaki writes that a major reason for this ignorance on the part of many observers is the glut of media coverage of the successes of Asian-Americans, which would seem to suggest that they could not be the victims of racism. As we read in Takaki's Strangers From A Different Shore: Today Asian Americans are celebrated as America's "model minority." . . . The celebration of Asian-American achievements in the press has been echoed in the political realm .
Compares books' depictions of racism in Antigua (British West Indies) & Palestine.
Racism is a universal problem. It occurs almost anywhere there is more than one racial group in a population, and the dominant group tends to take... more
Racism is a universal problem. It occurs almost anywhere there is more than one racial group in a population, and the dominant group tends to take out its frustrations, its prejudices, and its fears on the more vulnerable and smaller subpopulation in its midst. Jamaica Kincaid's book A Small Place is set in Antigua in the British West Indies, while Emile Habiby's The Secret Life of Saeed takes place in Palestine and tells the story of a Palestinian Arab who remained in Palestine after Israel incorporated the region. Both books involve situations in which racism appears, directed at some minority population in each country. For the people who are experiencing this racism, it has become a daily part of their lives. It may be ignored by them (on the surface, at least), or it may be something they rail against openly. In either case, it festers
Comparison of theories of four experts on racism in 19th Cent. & early 20th Cent. U.S. Focuses on blacks, Native Americans, Chicanos & Asians.
The purpose of this research is to examine racial inequality in America through a comparative and historical perspective. The plan of the research... more
The purpose of this research is to examine racial inequality in America through a comparative and historical perspective. The plan of the research will be to set forth the context in which analysis of the issue can most usefully be considered, and then discuss the experience of blacks, Native Americans, Chicanos, and Asians from the nineteenth century to the mid-twentieth century. The history of racial inequality in America is above all a history of moral division and physical separation. While, as we shall see, this may be less true of the modern period than it was in the 19th century, the fact that the subject of race and culture is a matter of such vigorous debate in the country makes the point that the residue of division within a well-defined social structure remains strong. Takaki understands that this is in the background of the American culture, across races, which is
Focuses on post-WWII era. Regional prejudice, types of bias (negative stereotypes & active discrimination), impact of WWII on views on Jews, examples.
This study will examine attitudes toward anti-Semitism in , Florida during the post-World War II era. The era after World War II is a crucial... more
This study will examine attitudes toward anti-Semitism in , Florida during the post-World War II era. The era after World War II is a crucial turning point in the history of anti-Semitism in the United States, as well as elsewhere, because of the events of World War II with respect to the wholesale slaughter of Jews by Hitler. As Forster and Epstein write, "For most of the . . . years since the end of the war, and especially since the Allied liberation of the Nazi concentration camps and world recognition of the enormity of the crimes committed there by a 'civilized' state, anti-Semitism ---the defamation, subjugation and persecution of Jews as Jews --- was swiftly condemned whenever and wherever it appeared" (Forster and Epstein 1974, 1). Perhaps Forster and Epstein demonstrate a certain naivete in
As means for other Americans to relieve frustrations through exclusion & dominance.
This study will examine racism as it is experienced by Japanese-Americans in the United States. The specific approach of the study will be to focus... more
This study will examine racism as it is experienced by Japanese-Americans in the United States. The specific approach of the study will be to focus on racism against Japanese-Americans as a means for other Americans to relieve their various frustrations and uncertainties through a psychology of exclusion and domination. What James Baldwin in his essay "Stranger in the Village" says about white prejudice against blacks can be very easily applied to white prejudice against Japanese-Americans. Baldwin writes that "The idea of white supremacy rests simply on the fact that white men are the creators of civilization (the present civilization, which is the only one that matters; all previous civilizations are simply 'contributors' to our own) and are therefore civilization's guardians and defenders. Thus it was