Examines the movitvation of the terrorist group. The group's attack on the World Trade Center (WTC) from a social-psychology perspective. Islamic religious rejections of Western cultural values. Views of theorists regarding alienation of fundamentalist Islam from secular American culture. Conmingling of religion and politics of Al-Qaeda and Osama bin Laden.
This research examines the motivation of the group known as Al-Qaeda to attack the World Trade Center from the perspective of social psychology. The... more
This research examines the motivation of the group known as Al-Qaeda to attack the World Trade Center from the perspective of social psychology. The research will set forth theoretical aspects of the encounter between Western culture and religiously-based rejections of its values, with special emphasis on the role of psychosocial and moral certainty in acting on such rejections, and then discuss how these theories can be used to interpret the values and motives informing the events of September 11, with a view toward identifying the social psychology of responses to the sponsors of those events and forecasting likely consequences to Al-Qaeda on their account. At the core of Weber's analysis of what he refers to as religious "rejections" of the world is the concept of rationality or rationalism, the name he gives to an attitude whereby a socie
Social Cognition Introduction While Freud was focused primarily on human emotional or psychological development, others have had other... more
Social Cognition Introduction While Freud was focused primarily on human emotional or psychological development, others have had other emphases. Eriksen looked at lifelong development in more social terms, and in terms of different types of developmental tasks. Kohlberg and Gilligan have explored development with an emphasis on morality and ethics. Fowler has looked at faith development. But one of the major developmental theorists of this century was focused on cognitive development; Piaget wanted to observe how children learned how to think in an adult way. Cognition, or cognitive behavior, is defined as that activity involved with mentality, such as thought, language, intelligence, dreams, and fantasies (Etaugh and Rathus, 1995). Cognition is further defi
Analysis of concept of deviance, discrimination in employment, need for destigmatization of mental illness. Provisions of Americans with Disabilities Act & EEOC.
Various forms of discrimination have been addressed in legislation, federal regulations, and court decisions. Discrimination against the mentally ill... more
Various forms of discrimination have been addressed in legislation, federal regulations, and court decisions. Discrimination against the mentally ill remains a concern and one that has not been as fully addressed as other forms of discrimination. Many people still view the mentally ill as almost a separate species rather than as normal human beings who develop a treatable condition through no fault of their own. People with psychiatric problems often encounter discrimination in employment in particular. The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) makes it illegal to discriminate against people with mental or physical impairments. The Americans with Disabilities Act was intended to bring more physically and emotionally challenged people into the labor force, but there are other provisions of the act which
Analysis of 2 theories: frustration-aggression & social learning. Dsicusses experimental research on effect of TV violence on child's behavior;short & long-term effects.
Television viewing has become one of the most prevalent pastimes in the United States, with violence one of the most common acts portrayed on... more
Television viewing has become one of the most prevalent pastimes in the United States, with violence one of the most common acts portrayed on television shows, network and cable alike. Because of this, social psychologists have studied the effects of violent television on aggressive behavior. The two major theories concerning television aggression are frustration-aggression and social learning; each theory makes different predictions about the effects of television violence. The frustration-aggressive theory suggests that viewing an aggressive act will lessen the instigation toward future aggression. If children vicariously experience aggression by watching violence on TV, they should therefore be less likely to aggress. Social learning theory, on the other hand, suggests that witnessed aggression leads to more aggression rather than
Reviews Jackson's short story THE LOTTERY. Focuses on the authors use of shock in the story & relates it to Milgram's work on obedience to authority.
"The Lottery" by Shirley Jackson was a very shocking story when it was published in 1948, and it was carefully designed to be shocking because the... more
"The Lottery" by Shirley Jackson was a very shocking story when it was published in 1948, and it was carefully designed to be shocking because the author presents an image of conformity that seems benign but proves to be horrifying. By doing this, she brings home to the reader how debilitating conformity itself is as something that saps individual will and responsibility and substitutes a community sense of right and wrong. The people of this small village are more frightening to the reader precisely because they are so normal. Until the last moments of the story, they seem very normal, and their activities are such as might be found in villages across the country. Yet there is also a certain sense throughout the story that something is wrong, that this normalcy is an illusion, and that the people have surrendered too much of their autonomy to the group.
Examines the contributions of Kurt Lewin to the field of social psychology. Discusses Lewins developments in theory, methods, & applications, notes his influence on other researchers.
Kurt Lewin Introduction In exploring the literature about Kurt Lewin, what is immediately apparent is the vast influence he had on other... more
Kurt Lewin Introduction In exploring the literature about Kurt Lewin, what is immediately apparent is the vast influence he had on other people who went on to make significant contributions themselves. He was a mentor to many. Thus, when one assesses his life, it is both Lewin's own contributions and the contributions of those who he influenced that constitute his impact on the field of social psychology.
Lewin's Contributions According to Ralph White (1992), who worked with Lewin in Iowa, one of Lewin's major contributions was stimulating scientific creativity in his colleagues. White's personal
Overview of field. Definition, subjects, dynamics, principles, personal discoveries.
SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, DEFINITION, DYNAMICS AND PRINCIPLES Introduction The purpose of this paper is to present a general overview of the field... more
SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, DEFINITION, DYNAMICS AND PRINCIPLES Introduction The purpose of this paper is to present a general overview of the field of social psychology. To this end, the paper presents a general definition of the field and discusses its basic dynamics; this is followed by a discussion of some of the discipline's key principles (assumptions and postulates about its areas of study and how to investigate these areas). The final section of this paper delineates and then discusses what I feel I have personally learned from taking this course in social psychology.
Definition and Dynamics In its essence, social psychology can be defined as the
Processes, advantages & disadvanbtages of group decision making & problem solving, objectives, alternatives, implementation, leadership, conflicts, power & coercion.
Executive Summary Although group decision making and problem solving has gained considerable attention in recent years, the role of powerful... more
Executive Summary Although group decision making and problem solving has gained considerable attention in recent years, the role of powerful individuals within the decision making process needs to be carefully considered. Power and coercion can be exercised within groups, and managers need to recognize how powerful individuals can exert their power in a destructive manner during the group decision making process. Power and coercion can also be addressed by explaining to all group members the overall goal of the decision making process and the exact nature of the problem that is to be solved. With such information providing the framework against which the problem is solved, managers can cultivate constructive rather than destructive uses of power among their group members.
Examines theories of human development in society, human values & lifestyles, social interaction & construction, identity, ritual, sexism, impact of economics & politics.
PRINCIPLES OF SOCIETAL DEVELOPMENT: SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT THEORY—A BREADTH ANALYSIS Introduction This research constitutes the breadth... more
PRINCIPLES OF SOCIETAL DEVELOPMENT: SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT THEORY—A BREADTH ANALYSIS Introduction This research constitutes the breadth component of the analysis of the principles of societal development. Social theories of development that influence human values and lifestyles, social interaction, and societal construction provide the focus for this breadth analysis. Human Development Theory The origins of social learning theory lie in attempts to combine psychoanalytic and stimulus-response theory into a comprehensive explanation of human behavior (Grusec, 1992). Various theories of human development often tend to view people as either active or passive in interactions with their
Defines & analyzes validity & accuracy of test used to assess social skills & likelihood of substance abuse & delinquency of adolescents.
The instrument to be analyzed is the Test of Community-based Social Skill Knowledge (TCSK). The instrument was first developed by Freedman,... more
The instrument to be analyzed is the Test of Community-based Social Skill Knowledge (TCSK). The instrument was first developed by Freedman, Rosenthal, Donahoe, Schlundt, and McFall (1978) and was used to assess the social skills of adolescents. However, the version analyzed in this paper is a modified form developed by Bullis, Bull, Johnson, and Johnson (1994) that broke the original down into separate male and female instruments, and reoriented it to focus on both adolescents and young adults. The original form of the instrument was developed by Freedman, et al, in order to generically assess various adolescents' social skills. Subsequently, various researchers began using the scale to examine how social skills predicted or were correlated with other social-psychological constructs such