Discusses his ideas of individual liberty. Personal liberty versus government rights. Struggle between liberty and authority. Limits to personal sovereignty. U.S. Constitution and the separation of powers. Prevention of tyranny. Pragmatic approach to people's pursuit of happiness. Christian nation concept. Need for minority as well as majority views.
“ON LIBERTY, ‘INDIRECT PRAGMATISM’, ETC. John Stuart Mill is usually considered the greatest of the Victorian Liberal thinkers.... more
“ON LIBERTY, ‘INDIRECT PRAGMATISM’, ETC. John Stuart Mill is usually considered the greatest of the Victorian Liberal thinkers. Utilitarianism was his creation. As a defender of individual liberty against the interference of both society and state, and as an early advocate of women's equality, Mill continues to be of major significance especially as we continue to wrestle with the ideals and the constraints of personal liberty versus government rights. In On Liberty, Mill develops the principle that only self-protection can justify either the state's tampering with the liberty of the individual or any personal interference with another's freedom – He sees the struggle between liberty and Authority to be the most conspicuous one in history. It seems, in further reading On Liberty, that Mill is not in favor of unbridled liberty, but liberty with
Critiques coherence & consistency of philosopher's moral theory. Reason, happiness, experience, social order, intuition.
The purpose of this research is to examine grounds of moral motivation with reference to Utilitarianism by John Stuart Mill. The plan of the research... more
The purpose of this research is to examine grounds of moral motivation with reference to Utilitarianism by John Stuart Mill. The plan of the research will be to set forth the moral context of Mill's discussion of Utilitarian theory, and then to evaluate the coherence, consistency, and strength of the argument as moral philosophy. In his introduction, Mill quite directly declares Utilitarianism an exercise in the first principles of moral philosophy. In part, the work is a referendum on and critique of earlier moral philosophy, but to the degree it looks at what constitutes the reality of morality, it touches on ontological as well as epistemological territory. In that sense, Utilitarianism might be characterized as an exercise in moral ontology. To the degree Mill's focus is on the moral implications of the practical conse
Describes & compares philosophers' views on history as creative source, creative individuals; Nietzsche's views on free spirits & good & evil.
Mill's Views on the Past as a Source of Creativity In On Liberty (1859) John Stuart Mill (1806-1873) begins his meditations on the past as the... more
Mill's Views on the Past as a Source of Creativity In On Liberty (1859) John Stuart Mill (1806-1873) begins his meditations on the past as the source of creativity by citing the philosophical and social writings of the German thinker, Baron Wilhelm von Humboldt (1761-1835). In his chapter "On Individual-ity", Mill focuses on Humboldt's claim that "originality" derives from the "individuality of power and development" which depends upon "the two requisites of freedom and variety of situations" allowing "individual vigour and manifold diversity" to manifest itself (Mill, 1985, 121). Mill agrees with Humboldt that individuality is to be highly prized. Mill's position is that individuals should not be expected merely to mimic the past and its greatness. Rather the greatest achievement for an individual according to Mill is to "use and interpret experience in his own
Examines ideas on relationship of state & individual, happiness, moral duty & individual rights, freedom; applies ideas to modern U.S. (abortion, smoking).
John Stuart Mill addresses a number of issues central to the idea of government and to the relationship between government and the governed. One of... more
John Stuart Mill addresses a number of issues central to the idea of government and to the relationship between government and the governed. One of the key elements in political philosophy is the nature of the relationship between the individual and the state. Generally, this is related by a given philosopher to his or her view of the origin of the state, which in turn determines the nature of the obligation owed by the individual to the state. Mill approaches the obligations of both the state and the individual in terms of his Harm Principle as introduced in On Liberty, a principle addressing the basic issue of when power can be exercised over any individual member of a civilized community against his or her will. Mill says such power cannot be wielded except to prevent harm to others. Mill thus takes an anti-parentalist view. There are those who see the government acting
Analyzes theory that a desirable act is one which will bring the most happiness to the greatest number of people.
For centuries philosophers have debated the concept of morality. The differing opinions as to the ethics of right and wrong have split these... more
For centuries philosophers have debated the concept of morality. The differing opinions as to the ethics of right and wrong have split these philosophers into two groups. The first group believes an act is right or wrong based on the nature of the act itself, while the second group feels an act is right or wrong depending on the consequences it brings. Proponents of the consequence theory disagree however, as to which consequences are desirable and which are undesirable. In his book Utilitarianism, John Stuart Mill advocates the principle, that a desirable act is one that will bring the most happiness to the greatness number of people. Mill's theory of utilitarianism is not to be confused with the theory of Epicurus, which holds that pleasure and freedom from pain are the only two things desirable as ends. The