FASCISM IN ITALY & GERMANY.
Describes & compares ideologies, origins, tenets, leadership, politics, economics, nationalism, racism.
Fascism is a political ideology that was tested in this century in Germany and Italy and that was thoroughly discredited in the eyes of the world by... more
Fascism is a political ideology that was tested in this century in Germany and Italy and that was thoroughly discredited in the eyes of the world by the conclusion of World War II. The form taken by fascism, as well as the impetus for its adoption, differed in Germany and Italy. Italian fascism was shaped by Benito Mussolini and his followers, while fascism in Germany was twisted to serve the needs and social and political beliefs of Adolf Hitler and his Nazi Party. Attitudes toward other racial groups was one of the key differences, along with the emphasis placed on aspects of economic organization, social classes, and visions of society.
Eugen Weber makes a distinction between fascism, such as was seen in Italy, and National Socialism, the German manifestation. He believes that people tend to confuse the two. Yet, he also