In early education, Lev Vygotsky is a figure less heralded than Piaget or Erikson, yet his discussion of learning and development is just as germane. He lionized social interaction over the constructivist theories of knowledge creation. He believed that teachers can facilitate children by careful observational techniques and by encouraging them to engage in conversation with their peers. He coined a term for this type of learning assistance, “scaffolding.” He believed that scaffolding is essential because it allows children to be pushed beyond their current developmental stages into new areas of knowledge.
A summary of articles on human development from a Human Development text. Subjects range from advances in stem cell research, to human cloned embryos, therapeutic cloning, to psychosexual deveopment in infants and children to computers in schools, standardized performance testing, to child rearing and other topics of human development.
B.F. SKINNER & JEAN PIAGET.
Compares views on human development of behavioral & cognitive psychologists, major contributions, applications, limitations, testing.
PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION.
Discusses purpose and benefits of education. Educational goals and methods. Relationship between education and truth, the role of human nature in the educational process, the pedagogical environment, and the optimal content of educational curricula. Views of Aristotle and Plato regarding the quality of education. Epistemology. Descartes. Hume. Nietzsche.
Examines their abuse by young adults. Life-span developmental theory. Erik Erickson. Influence of drugs on psyche's development. Destructive effects of mind-altering drugs. Variety of impact young adults drug abuse may have on optimal development. Psychosocial and medical issues. Somatic dysfunctions. Widespread drug abuse culture. Role of family & counselors.
COGNITIVE BEHAVIOR THERAPY (CBT) AND ALCOHOLISM.
Investigates the effects of CBT on one group. Treatment of depression in alcoholic clients who have been sober for 6 months. Assesses the CBT program in terms of effects on alcohol consumption, depression, anxiety, assertion, positive and negative thought. Theoretical framework. Major concepts of CBT. Research hypothesis. Variables. Research design.