|Monopoly In Military Expenditures
The defense industry is largely oligopolistic, with the federal government the sole customer, or "monopsonist" (McConnell, 1991). The industry consists of relatively few very large contractors and many small satellite subcontractors which cluster around them. The business of a contractor in defense work comprises research and development and/or production. The work can vary from exploratory studies, costing thousands of dollars, to extensive production programs involving billions and requiring broad subcontracting arrangements. In practice, the firm that does the research and development often contracts the production work as well.
As much as 75% of the annual dollar value of all prime