Analysis of Opus 48, No. 16. "Die alten bosen Lieder." The musical theme of this 1840 song. Development of the vocal melody. Heinrich Heine's lyric poem as the source of the lyric. Its place in Schuman's song cycle. How it is interlocked with Song 15. Relationship between songs 12 and 16.
Robert Schuman was born June 8, 1810 in Zwickau, Germany, the son of a book publisher and writer. He showed early abilities in both music and... more
Robert Schuman was born June 8, 1810 in Zwickau, Germany, the son of a book publisher and writer. He showed early abilities in both music and literature, though he was not considered a prodigy by any means. His sister and father died tragically when he was sixteen, and he was then sent to the University of Leipzig, where he studied law until he was able to convince his mother of his need to study music. His works are noted for their links to literature, and many of his compositions allude to characters or scenes from poems, novels, and plays. His music thus has an intimate relationship with the written word, and this is certainly true of the songs he wrote, such as "Die alten bösen Lieder." This work (Op. 48, No. 16) was written in 1840. The song
Analysis of whether music can be gendered. Examines several Sonatas & symphonies of Beethoven & Shubert as gender models. Development of the musical themes with reference to the identity of the self. The virility of Beethoven's music characterized by its directness & ferocity. The flexibility of Shubert's music as female. The Sonata as a model for experimentation. Biographical elements of the two composers that inform their musical expression.
Susan McClary examines the second movement of Schubert's "Unfinished Symphony" with reference toward gender and constructions of subjectivity, and she... more
Susan McClary examines the second movement of Schubert's "Unfinished Symphony" with reference toward gender and constructions of subjectivity, and she poses the idea that during the early nineteenth century, concepts such as identity and masculinity were being newly defined, with art being one of the defining processes. In literature, the bildungsroman (or the novel of character development) were part of the "privileged genre," and through these novels, the middle class became educated as to the proper role of a civilized man. McClary finds that the sonata was the musical equivalent of the bildungsroman. The construction of the movements of the sonata shows the development of a theme that goes though many changes of identity and then resolves in the original key and theme. A sonata provided a model for experimentation that would resolve
Discusses music classes as a valuable educational tool & important element of the curriculum. Compares two films that celebrate the power of music in education and positive impact on music students: MR. HOLLAND'S OPUS & MUSIC OF THE HEART. The first film is a long-term look at a composer-turned teacher & his successes as a music teacher in a suburban school. The second, based on a real-life situation, depicts the obstcles & success of a teacher who brought music classes to an urban minority school.
The two films Mr. Holland's Opus and Music of the Heart have certain similarities as well as considerable differences, but at heart, each celebrates... more
The two films Mr. Holland's Opus and Music of the Heart have certain similarities as well as considerable differences, but at heart, each celebrates the power of music in education and the need to support the arts in the educational setting for the benefit of all students. Inherent in this idea is the view that music is valuable in itself, but at the same time, it is seen as a force that empowers the student who studies it and plays it, a force for developing self-esteem and a sense of accomplishment. The study of music and the other arts is often depicted as if it were a frill, but the teachers who are the main characters in each of these films shows that it is not a frill at all but a central educational tool that helps students with other subjects and makes them better students all round. The films take place in different worlds both in time and
Compares and contrasts lives of the two composers. Based on the 1984 film AMADEUS. Analyzes the historical accuracy of the film. Theme of man in relation to God. Thinking during the Enlightenment. Concludes film is basically accurate but also contains storytelling fantasy. The brilliance of Mozart and the frustration of Salieri.
This study will compare and contrast the life of eighteenth- century composer Amadeus Mozart with that of his rival Antonio Salieri, using the 1984... more
This study will compare and contrast the life of eighteenth- century composer Amadeus Mozart with that of his rival Antonio Salieri, using the 1984 film Amadeus as the basis for the comparison. The historical accuracy of the film with respect to the two composers will be analyzed, as will be the theme of man in relation to God which the film addresses and which reflects on the questions and changes brought to society and thinking during the Enlightenment. The arguments of the study will be that (1) the film is fairly accurate, although it exaggerates and oversimplifies for dramatic purposes, and appears to take greatest license in the area which is central to the film--the relationship between Mozart and Salieri; (2) the relationships of both Mozart and Salieri to life, music and creativity shed much light on the questions raised by the Enlightenment with respect to th
Examines the life and work of the African American contralto. Her early recognition as a singing prodigy. Development of her career in music and rise to prominence. Race-based difficulties she overcame. Her involvement in social change. The 1939 Constitution Hall concert controversy. Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) protest. Anderson's debut at the Metropolitan Opera.
This research examines the life and work of African American contralto Marian Anderson (1897-1993). The research will discuss the context in which... more
This research examines the life and work of African American contralto Marian Anderson (1897-1993). The research will discuss the context in which Anderson achieved prominence and her involvment in social change, and the race-based difficulties she encountered and overcame. Her attitude toward the process of effecting a shift in social organization and attitudes will also be reviewed. At a time when African American entertainers have a high public and career profile among whites as well as blacks, it is remarkable to contemplate that as recently as 66 years ago--and as long ago as 20 years before the civil rights movement effected major social change in America--the custom and practice of overt racial discrimination and legally sanctioned racial segregation were a matter of routine and black-letter law. Like other Ameri
Analysis of Antonio Vivaldi's solo concerto "Primavera" Op. 8, No. 1 ("Spring"). The first of the 4 concertos that make up The Four Seasons, a programmatic piece. Discusses the ideas of the poem. Discusses interpretations. Details each movement and its motifs.
Antonio Vivaldi's Primavera, or Spring (Op. 8 no. 1) was the first of the set of concertos entitled Le quattro stagioni (Op. 8 nos. 1-4) published in... more
Antonio Vivaldi's Primavera, or Spring (Op. 8 no. 1) was the first of the set of concertos entitled Le quattro stagioni (Op. 8 nos. 1-4) published in Il cimento dell'armonia e dell'inventione at Amsterdam in 1725 (although the date of their composition is uncertain). The Primavera is a solo concerto scored for Violino principale, two other violins (ripieno), violas, violoncellos and double basses with continuo (usually played on harpsichord). The four concertos provide an example of programmatic music, illustrating four simple poems addressed to the seasons which may have been written, or at least adapted, by Vivaldi himself. In the poem to Spring, in rough outline, the goddess is welcomed by the singing of birds and the breath of Zephyrs which makes the brooks murmur. Thunder and lightning, one of her signs, arrive and darken the sky. The storm is soon over and the
His career as a national composer. Analysis of symphony "From the New World," & its inspirations, themes, movements.
Throughout his rich and productive career Antonin Dvorák (1841-1940) was a national composer first and foremost. The Czech people had been part of... more
Throughout his rich and productive career Antonin Dvorák (1841-1940) was a national composer first and foremost. The Czech people had been part of the Austrian empire for centuries and the first hint of liberty came only in 1861--with full statehood another fifty years away. Yet "artistic self-determination was about to be realized, and it was in the hands of the right men" (Robertson 9). Among these men Dvorák emerged as one of the greatest of Czech artists with "a musical language saturated with the songs and dances of his native land" (Steinberg 150). Thus it seems, at first, very strange that his most famous and enduringly popular work, the symphony in E minor (Op. 95), titled From the New World, grew out of his experience of the United States. It is less strange, however, when the listener realizes that rather than drawing directly on Native-
Development; musical disputes. Vision & influence of composer/condoctor Louis Spohr.
INTRODUCTION The development of the string quartet did not take place without controversy. In the nineteenth century, a dispute erupted as to... more
INTRODUCTION The development of the string quartet did not take place without controversy. In the nineteenth century, a dispute erupted as to the direction the string quartet should take, a dispute bound with different ideas about performance, the relationship of performance to composition, and the way certain instruments should be used in the quartet as in other types of composition. Composer and conductor Louis Spohr advocated virtuoso violin play in the quartet, while composers such as Schumann and Mendelssohn saw the string quartet not as a collection of pieces with differing performance requirements but as a cohesive whole, with the unity of the four instruments emphasized over any one instrument emerging even for only one movement or more.
Examines the last year of Mozart's life. Discusses his music, relationships, social position, & financial difficulties.
Introduction Although we tend to think of Mozart as the child prodigy and genius composer, his life was not a complete success.... more
Introduction Although we tend to think of Mozart as the child prodigy and genius composer, his life was not a complete success. He had to deal with many personal and professional difficulties, and this was certainly the case during the last year of his life. Yet, he continued to compose important music that is honored to this day. Mozart's Last Year Mozart was very young when he died. In January of 1791, he had just turned 35, but this was to be his last birthday. At the time, he was in an extremely difficult and precarious position. His fame was extensive, but he had very little money and less meaningful work. As Harris (1991) noted, although he was still
Life, career, influences, major works, style & forms of 18th Cent. Italian composer.
Antonio Vivaldi (1678-1741) wrote nearly 500 concertos of various types, composed at least 50 operas and other vocal and instrumental pieces by the... more
Antonio Vivaldi (1678-1741) wrote nearly 500 concertos of various types, composed at least 50 operas and other vocal and instrumental pieces by the score, strongly influenced the direction of violin technique, and was a primary influence on Johann Sebastian Bach. His career was characterized by great fame as a violin virtuoso, "enormous productivity and [an] unusually wide circulation of his music" (Talbot 1). Yet for two centuries after his death Vivaldi and his music sank into "utter oblivion" and were only resurrected in the latter half of the twentieth century (Landon 7). Despite this long absence Vivaldi's reputation has revived swiftly. Although his vocal works and other instrumental pieces are not, as yet, well known, he was one of the primary innovators of the concerto form and, appropriately, his concertos, such as the suite of four known as