Discusses the future of Mexico. The democratization process of the country. Mexico's political awakening. Ending of the 71-year one-party rule. Increased awareness of need for institutional and democratic reforms. Increased citizen participation. Factor of gender politics. Reforms in the electoral process. Aspects of corruption and graft.
MEXICO’S POLITICAL SYSTEM
The purpose of this paper is to discuss the future of Mexico’s political system and to provide an account of the... more
MEXICO’S POLITICAL SYSTEM
The purpose of this paper is to discuss the future of Mexico’s political system and to provide an account of the country’s path to democracy. Various source materials that provide a divergence of opinions are analyzed in order to describe the democratization process of Mexico, and the reasons that the authors ascribe as to why this process occurred are discussed. In addition, an opinion is rendered as to which author provides the most convincing argument about Mexico’s future.
REVIEW OF SOURCE MATERIAL
Mexico’s political awakening is detailed in Chand’s (2001) aptly titled book: “Mexico’s Political Awakening”. In the introduction (Chand, 2001, pp. 1-11), the author summarizes his theories as to why a
Discusses political/ religious conflicts. The secularization of Mexican politics and economics. Separation of church and state policy. Influence of the Roman Catholic Church and religious institutions in Mexico. Concerns expressed by religious leaders over issues of poverty, inequality, globalization, and economic development. Impact of Vicente Fox's election as President.
Religion and Politics in Contemporary Mexico Addison De Witt (1998) has suggested that if Northern Ireland presents a case of religious... more
Religion and Politics in Contemporary Mexico Addison De Witt (1998) has suggested that if Northern Ireland presents a case of religious fanaticism dominating politics, Mexico presents one of politics dominating religious fanaticism. Mexico’s popular culture is Roman Catholic, but its politics and its state are largely secular, with vast majorities demonstrating both immense respect for the Catholic Church and firm opposition to the political involvement of religious leaders or symbols (Mexican Protestants & politics, 2001). In the past ten years or so, despite Mexico’s expressed desires to keep church and state separate, the two institutions have become more and more inextricably tied together in Mexico’s traditional or indigenous communities. Recently, with the election of Vicente Fox as Mexico’s first non-Institutional Revolutionary
Analysis of Saudi Arabia as a key economic power because of its large oil reserves. Comparison with other Middle Eastern countries. Key macroeconomic statistics. High GDP. Low inflation rate. High trade balance. Oil prices and levels of production. High unemployment rate. Need for foreign investment to provide jobs. Future outlook.
Introduction Saudi Arabia is a key economic power in the international market because of its large reserves of oil and the dependence that the... more
Introduction Saudi Arabia is a key economic power in the international market because of its large reserves of oil and the dependence that the rest of the world has on oil. A key member of OPEC, Saudi Arabia influences both the price and production levels of oil and uses its key position for political as well as economic strategy. However, the nation is also dependent on its trading partners to provide it with much of the goods that it cannot produce internally, and its heavy reliance on the United States has resulted in an odd strategic alliance between the two nations. This research considers the current economic position of Saudi Arabia relative to other Middle Eastern countries as well as its own performance, and what is likely to occur in the nation's economy in the future. Key Macr
Discusses system of transferring political power. How the Mexican "dedazo" system of selecting presidents functions. Siting president choosing his successor. The single party system PRI (Institutional Revolutionary Party). Refers to J. G. Castaneda's book "Perpetuating Power" that analyzes transfers of presidential power. Advantages and disadvantages of the Mexican political system. The Pendulum theory.
The Mexican Presidential Succession After more than a century of rule by military strongmen, foreign invaders, and a series of revolutionary... more
The Mexican Presidential Succession After more than a century of rule by military strongmen, foreign invaders, and a series of revolutionary leaders who were assassinated one by one, a system of transferring political power was devised that has generally served Mexico well. Politics is a messy, contentious business, and no one has yet invented a perfect system that meets the needs of all segments of society, makes decisions effectively, and deals with its problems on a basis of justice and the rule of law. Mexico is no exception. But for more than 70 years its rather arcane process of selecting presidents, known as el dedazo (the laying on of the finger), provided domestic stability, stopping the endless cycle of violence. And although not
Examines works that illustrate concepts of land ownership, progress, liberty and justice. Luis Bunuel's 1950 film "Los Olividados;" Mariano Azuela's 1915 novel "Los de Abajo ("The Underdogs); & two stories by modernist Latin American writers that show how the people of Mexico were divided from their natural setting and land. Problems of poverty and rootlessness among the poor. Impact of centuries of oppression, and changes in government that resulted from the Mexican Revolution.
In the early nineteenth century the Latin American liberator Simón Bolívar had posed important questions about who the land belonged to and how... more
In the early nineteenth century the Latin American liberator Simón Bolívar had posed important questions about who the land belonged to and how progress could be reconciled with liberty and justice. But the questions remained unanswered in the societies that Bolívar's initiative had liberated. Thus, little more than a century later, the Mexican Revolution posed essentially the same questions. The government of Mexico was as corrupt as possible and the system of peonage in the country not only reduced the peasants to lives of serious want and oppression, it also undermined any hope the nation had for a modern economic system. The Mexican revolution came from many directions from the many parties who felt that they had not only been exploited by the Diaz regime but had been defrauded by its 'revolutionary' successor. Operating from the demand for land in the south to
Population changes 1970-2000 & their implications. Move from countryside to city; urban crisis. 6 Tables. 1 Exhibit.
A DEMOGRAPHIC STUDY OF MÉXICO CITY Introduction A demographic analysis of population changes and their implications in México City,... more
A DEMOGRAPHIC STUDY OF MÉXICO CITY Introduction A demographic analysis of population changes and their implications in México City, México was performed. The results of the analysis are presented in this paper. Defining México City “México City” refers to the entire Metropolitan Area, or the ”Zona Metropolitana de la Ciudad de México” (ZMCM). The ZMCM is formed by the “Federal District,” which is the México’s capital area, and those communities of the surrounding State of México (of which there are 58 in 2000). The Federal District covers less than one third of the surface area of the ZMCM, but houses 42.3 percent of the total ZMCM population. The total ZMCM population in 2000 is estim
Radical change due to election of Vicente Fox of the National Actioin Party (PAN) & defeat of Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) after 71 years of control. Move toward a functioning federal government.
All who have borne witness to the recent transformation of Mexican politics seem to agree that the election of Vicente Fox- point-man of the National... more
All who have borne witness to the recent transformation of Mexican politics seem to agree that the election of Vicente Fox- point-man of the National Action Party (PAN)- equates to nothing short of political revolution. The government of Mexico has, for the past 71 years, been controlled by the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), which has employed but one political agenda: to retain power at all costs. Therefore, Mexico has suffered; existing as a one-party, essentially authoritarian state under the transparent guise of federalism. Elections in Mexico, though held every six years, have been consistently rigged -- manipulated by way of ballot stuffing, bribery, coercion, intimidation, even murder. The time for change has come, and the people of Mexico appear to be seizing the day (Krauze, 1999, p. 18).
1994 devaluation of peso, debt crisis, causes, remedies, bailout, effects on other countries, foreign investment in emergency economics. 1 Table.
The Mexican Economic Crisis The globalization of world markets has had a number of positive and negative effects, including the migration of... more
The Mexican Economic Crisis The globalization of world markets has had a number of positive and negative effects, including the migration of currency fluctuations across borders (The Economist, 1996a). After the collapse of the peso in late 1994, a panic rattled other emerging markets from Brazil to Thailand, sending shocks into these and other vulnerable markets as well. This raises, according to Edwin M. Truman (1996), broad questions about the international institutional and financial environment. On December 20, 1994, the Mexican government announced the devaluation of its currency, surprising financial markets and precipitating the so-called "Mexican peso crisis." The devaluation came after three years during which Mexico had followed an exchange rate policy of maintaining the peso within a well-defined band against the U.S.
Discusses the ehtnocultural, political, & economic factors supporting the Zapatistas, or, the revolutionary group active in the southern Mexican state of Chiapas.
A discussion of ethnocultural expression and its political and cultural consequences in modern Mexico will provide a focus for a look at the plight of... more
A discussion of ethnocultural expression and its political and cultural consequences in modern Mexico will provide a focus for a look at the plight of Mexico's indigenous people, or Indians as they are represented by the Zapatistas. Some of the determinants of ethnocultural identity are the following: language; race; class; gender; epochal events (formation of collective consciousness); ideology; and religion. Some of the causal factors of inter-ethnic conflict which yield a conceptual framework for comparative analysis are the following: state repression; territorial control/irredentism; fear of persecution/extermination; migration/expulsion; and economic inequalities/class conflicts. The above factors are all relevant to an analysis of the manner in which Mexico's indigenous people have been subjugated by a corrupt federal gover
Describes the Spanish conquest of the Aztec civilization. Examines the actions of both sides in the war & attempts to discern what actions occurred out of courage or out of cowardice
When the Spanish conquistadors arrived in the New World, they found a flourishing civilization firmly in place in the form of the Aztecs of Mexico.... more
When the Spanish conquistadors arrived in the New World, they found a flourishing civilization firmly in place in the form of the Aztecs of Mexico. Within a short time, the Spanish had destroyed this civilization and eradicated much of its culture. In addition to the desire for conquest, gold, and similar purposes, the conquistadors were grossly offended by the idolatry of the Aztecs and by one particular religious practice, that of human sacrifice. As Leon-Portilla notes in his book The Broken Spears, the story of the conquest has been told entirely from the point of view of the conquerors, and he offers in his book the account from the side of the conquered peoples, the first of them written only seven years after the conquest: These writings make up a brief history of the Conquest as told by the victims, and include passages written by