Importance to exposed children of mothers keeping clinical appointments. Reasons for non-compliance rates of HIV mothers. Transmission to infants and need for early detection. Problems with non-detection of infant's HIV status. Rates of HIV exposure and infection due to non-adherence of clinic appointments.
This paper presents the topic of adherence as it related to the keeping of clinic appointments for the HIV-exposed infant. The importance of... more
This paper presents the topic of adherence as it related to the keeping of clinic appointments for the HIV-exposed infant. The importance of adherence for this infant, the scope of the problems which may arise from not detecting the infant's HIV status in time, and the numbers of children who are exposed and infected with HIV due to non-adherence, will be presented.
Adherence for HIV Exposed Infants
Studies have shown non-adherence rates for HIV mothers. Successful adherence is believed to be 80% by some, however findings are that 95% adherence results in virologic failure rates of 20%, 90-95% adherence results in a failure rate of 36%, and 70-80% adherence results in failure rates of 75% (Millar, Cummins, & Trotter, 2002). In one study, poor adherence resulted from forgetting (43%), sleeping through the dose (36%), not b