Theories of Roman physician Galen & other ancient thinkers on nature of body & ailments.
Theories of Physiology and Disease of Ancient Scientists
The purpose of this paper is to present several ancient scientists'... more
Theories of Physiology and Disease of Ancient Scientists
The purpose of this paper is to present several ancient scientists' theories of physiology and disease. In addition it will explain and interpret their various philosophies of life which had so great a bearing on the way they perceived the physiology of the human body and disease. Furthermore, this paper will attempt to prove that the observations of the Greek physician Galen about the workings of the actual mechanisms existing at the time in his day-to-day life, had a far greater impact on his interpretation of the physiology of the human body, than did the writings and teachings of his predecessors. This paper will demonstrate how the processes on which Galen modeled
Argues that heroine of Sophocles play of same name had destructive & wrong attitude toward law of Greeks.
The purpose of this paper is to discuss the fact that Antigone, who is the heroine of Sophocles' drama of that name, was wrong... more
The purpose of this paper is to discuss the fact that Antigone, who is the heroine of Sophocles' drama of that name, was wrong in her attitude to the law of the Greeks. She is contrasted by her sister Ismene, who treats the laws in a different way. The primary drama that has to be laid out before coming to grips with this comparison and contrast between Antigone and Ismene is that the play takes place after the story of Oedipus has transpired. Polynices and Eteocles, who were the sons of Oedipus, led armies against each other in the city of Thebes. Both of the brothers were killed when they went into battle. Creon, who was Oedipus' brother and therefore the young men's
Compares depiction of character & his development in plays by Sophocles.
This study will examine the depiction of the character Creon in the two plays by Sophocles, Oedipus the King and Antigone. The study will argue that... more
This study will examine the depiction of the character Creon in the two plays by Sophocles, Oedipus the King and Antigone. The study will argue that the portrayals of Creon in the two plays offer up serious contradictions, but in fact these are not contradictions but merely parts of a developing character. The Creon in Oedipus the King is a far more sympathetic character than the Creon of Antigone. If we can assume---and we can do so fairly and accurately in this case---that the character did not undergo some revolutionary transformation internally in the period between the two plays, then we can conclude that he was affected by external circumstances. And, in fact, that is precisely what occurred. The major difference between the plays, with respect to the development of Creon, is that in the first play, Oedipus the King, Creon is not a powerful individual, at
(Robert Graves), [The Annals of Imperial Rome] (Tacitus) & [The Twelve Caesars] (Suetonius). Critiques Graves' portrait of Roman emperor in light of two historical works.
Life in Rome among the upper class during the Republican Era was steeped in intrigue, violence,and unscrupulous morals as well as a lust for greed and... more
Life in Rome among the upper class during the Republican Era was steeped in intrigue, violence,and unscrupulous morals as well as a lust for greed and power. Many would argue that this is human nature and that nothing has changed in 2,000 years. Be that as it may, the reign of Claudius Drusus Nero Germanicus, known as Claudius, who lived from 10 B.C. to A.D. 54, was no different, in fact, by many standards was very ordinary in a frightening sort of way. Robert Graves, in I, Claudius, which was first published in 1934, attempts to provide a fascinating look at the period through the eyes of Claudius. The purpose of this paper is to critique Graves' non-fictionalized "autobiography" of Claudius particularly as to how it meshes with history in light of the writings by Tacitus in The Annals of Imperial Rome (translated and published in 1988) and Suetonius'
(Ovid). Why gods punished human beings in Roman epic (pride, disrespect).
METAMORPHOSES The purpose of this paper is to discuss the reason why the Gods punished human beings in the myths that Ovid related in his finest... more
METAMORPHOSES The purpose of this paper is to discuss the reason why the Gods punished human beings in the myths that Ovid related in his finest work, Metamorphoses. It is the THESIS here that there were two basic reasons that mortals drew out the wrath of the heavens: they were flawed and they did not give the Gods enough respect, or they displayed what is termed "hubris," or pride, and therefore they had to be punished by the Gods. Ovid (43BC-17AD) was the Roman poet who used his book to deal with mythological, legendary, and historical figures within his hexameters, in fifteen different books. He began Metamorphoses with the creation of the world and concluded it with the crowning of Caesar and the reign of his son Augustus. There are five specific stories that deal with ovid's con
The purpose of this research is to examine courtly love in the Middle Ages, particularly as expressed in Dante's Divine Comedy. The plan of the... more
The purpose of this research is to examine courtly love in the Middle Ages, particularly as expressed in Dante's Divine Comedy. The plan of the research will be to set forth a working understanding of the term courtly love, and then to show, with reference to Dante's work, how the romantic language, the roots of courtly love lyric in Provencal poetry, and such concepts as divine love intersect to create a unique aesthetic of literature and cultural sensibility. Courtly love is the name given to a style of poetry that celebrated human love, particularly the love of the poet (always a man) for a high-born and extraordinary lady. This is the outline of the notion of courtly love, but it appears to contain not only the implication of physical love but also--and perhaps more significantly--the attributes of a deeply felt relationship
This study will examine the roles of men and women in Homer's epic poem The Odyssey. On first glance, it might appear that the poem is... more
This study will examine the roles of men and women in Homer's epic poem The Odyssey. On first glance, it might appear that the poem is essentially about men, or about one specific man --- the "hero" Odysseus--and their courageous death-defying adventures. However, a more careful reading will reveal that the story is as much about Penelope as it is about Odysseus. This indicates that in Homer's view women are just as vital as men in contributing to life and to the life of art. There are, nevertheless, obvious differences between the ways men and women meet the challenges of life in The Odyssey. As we read in Loomis' Introduction to the Walter Black edition of Homer's poem, the Homeric hero in The Odyssey and elsewhere "is, first of all, a strong and courageous fighter, fierce to destroy
(Sophocles). Analyzes importance of Chrysothemis, sister of Electra, ideas conveyed in her character & relationship between her, the play's message (safe path vs. dangerous revenge), & events of Sophocles' time in Athens.