AFFIRMATIVE ACTION POLICY.
Concept of preferential treatment and advantages and disadvantages on racial and ethnic minorities. Creation of more opportunities. Issues of equality and discrimination in the workplace and in colleges. The Bakke Case challenge to affirmative action programs. Negative and positive effects. Meaning of equality applied to affirmative action.
The civil rights revolution enshrined into law the principle that all people are treated equally, regardless of skin color, gender, or national... more
The civil rights revolution enshrined into law the principle that all people are treated equally, regardless of skin color, gender, or national origin. The vast majority of Americans accept that principle. The civil rights revolution, however, failed to answer the question of what redress, if any, is owed to individuals from historically disadvantaged groups. That tension between two conflicting goals informs the current debate about affirmative action. This paper will examine the philosophical and legal underpinnings of that debate from the perspective of legal theorists and two seminal cases on the issue.
Affirmative action seeks to create more opportunities for women and minorities by conferring special consideration upon them in decisions involving hiring, firing, promotion, college admissions, and government contracts. In all of these areas, women