This paper will discuss the Peruvian terrorist group known as the Shining Path (Sendero Luminoso). The terrorist activities of this group are aimed... more
This paper will discuss the Peruvian terrorist group known as the Shining Path (Sendero Luminoso). The terrorist activities of this group are aimed at a complete revolutionary change of the existing political and social system of Peru. Specifically, the Shining Path wants to replace Peru's current democratic system with its own form of Maoist-influenced Communism. The Shining Path originated in Ayacucho, a town in the southern part of the nation. The group's founder, Abimael Guzman Renoso, is known as "Presidente Gonzalo" to his followers. Renoso was a university professor until he fell under the influence of the Communist theories of Jose Carlos Mariategui. Mariategui (1895-1930) advocated a form of Communism which would include "a return to the Inca system of cooperative agriculture" (Gunson, Thompson, & Chamberlain, 1989, p. 262). He believed that it was necessary to
Political & economic issues shaping international trade policy. Tables.
INTRODUCTION This research examines the international trade position of Argentina. Research findings are presented in discussions related to... more
INTRODUCTION This research examines the international trade position of Argentina. Research findings are presented in discussions related to (1) a political and economic description of the country, (2) an examination of Argentina's export/import trade, (3) a review of the country's trade policy, and (4) an evaluation of Argentina's trade position. POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC DESCRIPTION Argentina occupies most of the southern wedge of the South American continent. Chile occupies a portion of the wedge to the west of the Andes Mountains. Argentina's contiguous neighbors are Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, and Uruguay. The country's topography ranges from high mountains to heavily wooded plains to fertile and virtually treeless Pampas to an arid plain in the far
(James Lockhart). Summary of work on 1532 capture of Inca emperor by 168 Spaniards, focusing on lives of the conquerors.
James Lockhart, in The Men of Cajamarca, examines the 1532 event in Peru in which 168 Spaniards captured the emperor of the Incas and radically... more
James Lockhart, in The Men of Cajamarca, examines the 1532 event in Peru in which 168 Spaniards captured the emperor of the Incas and radically altered the course of history both in the new World and in Europe, However, Lockhart focuses on the lives of these specific Spaniards in his study. As Lockhart writes, "In this study the primary interest is not the conquest but the pattern in the lives of the conquerors; therefore the familiar procedure of using social material as background to a narrative presentation will be reversed. The approach taken by the author is based on an "episodic" methodology. The first part of Lockhart's study "contains several analytical chapters on general patterns, social, collective, or organizational. The second contains short biographies of all the men, insofar as that is possible. Social
History of U.S.-Panama relations, potential effects of sanctions, U.S. sanction efforts against other nations, actual effects of Panamanian sanctions.
SECTION I INTRODUCTION This research examines United States (U.S.) national security in the context of the application of economic... more
SECTION I INTRODUCTION This research examines United States (U.S.) national security in the context of the application of economic sanctions against the Republic of Panama in 1988 and 1989. The topic is examined through (1) a brief review of the history of AmericanPanamanian bilateral relations, (2) an assessment of the potential effects on Panama of economic sanctions, (3) an examination of approach of the U.S. government toward the use of economic sanctions, and (4) the results achieved by the U.S. through the application of economic sanctions against Panama. The final section of this research presents a statement of the conclusions drawn from the findings of the research.
(Walter Lafeber). Critical analysis of exploitive relations of U.S. with Central Amer. nations.
The purpose of this paper is to analyze and critique the book, Inevitable Revolutions, by Walter LaFeber. The central position of this book,... more
The purpose of this paper is to analyze and critique the book, Inevitable Revolutions, by Walter LaFeber. The central position of this book, which deals with U.S. relations with the five Central American countries--Costa Rica, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Honduras and Guatemala--is that the United States has, for approximately 100 years, claimed those countries as fiefdoms of the United States, economically, politically and militarily, and thereby created the conditions for "inevitable revolutions," which have taken place over the last century and are still taking place today. The story the author tells is nothing less than incredible, particularly since the facts and figures given in the book are generally not to be found in the American media. However, this is not surprising since in that media most information with a