PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION.
Discusses purpose and benefits of education. Educational goals and methods. Relationship between education and truth, the role of human nature in the educational process, the pedagogical environment, and the optimal content of educational curricula. Views of Aristotle and Plato regarding the quality of education. Epistemology. Descartes. Hume. Nietzsche.
A PRIORI KNOWLEDGE.
Examines views of Descartes, Leibniz, Locke, Hume & Kant on reality, meaning & significance of knowledge before experience.
This paper looks at different theories of education to see which best explains the achievement gap. It decides cultural discontinuity is the main theory explaining the achievement gap and explains why the other theories are not as good.
The Gray Area
The purpose of this paper is to analyze ethical violations that are illegal, but for which people would probably escape criminal or civil prosecution. Presents five cases that discuss scenarios in which hypotheticals involve a violation of ethics for which there is little or no chance of being caught.
Intervention and Evaluation
This paper examines a community health issue--malnutrition--and suggests two interventions based on nursing theory by Dorothea Orem and Margarent Newman.
Ethnography and Multiculturalism in Education
How ethnographic and social capital theories have influenced theories of pedagogy of multicultural students and the methods of classroom management of teachers who may be from mainstream cultures.
Four separate book reviews are provided that are both explanatory and critical in nature: 1) Feminism & Christian Ethics, (Susan Frank Parsons); 2) Dirt, Greed & Sex, (William Countryman); 3) God of the Oppressed, (James H. Cone); and 4) Ethics, (Dietrich Bonhoeffer).
On Knowledge of Unobserved Matters of Fact
In “An Inquiry Concerning Human Understanding”, David Hume (1711-1776) provides a framework for explaining how people acquire and form concepts, beliefs and knowledge. Hume is an empiricist about knowledge, as opposed to a rationalist. He believes that all knowledge arises from sense experience. Sensory impressions lead to ideas, and through the psychological mechanism of association, these ideas are formed into more complex ones. Ideas are the foundation for forming beliefs through reasoning.