Discusses central tenet of Islam. Muhammad as prophet of Allah. The Qur'an and Shari'a. Events of Muhammed's life; his revelations. The Five Pillars of Faith and the traditional life of Islam. Close relationship between religion and law. Spread of Islam. Divisions in the faith in various countries. Growth of world Islam and its strength.
This paper provides a general discussion of Islamic religion that covers a number of topics and issues. Origins, beliefs, spiritual leaders, Muhammad as founder, rituals, funeral rites, prayer and a number of other aspects associated with Islam and its impact on Muslim adherents are addressed.
Islam and Muslim Empires
This paper discusses Muslim Empires and the interpretation of Islam. The power of the Ottoman Empire and its demise. The Mughal Empire and emperors. The views of Edward Said regarding historical knowledge of another culture.
Islam and Conflict Resolution
Discusses two aspects relating to Islam and conflict resolution. One deals with "unpeaceful metaphors" and stereotypes about Islam. The other deals with the possibilities of conflict, coexistence, or cooperation between Islam and the West.
BRAZIL AND INDIA.
Compares the political cultures of the two countries. Problems of scarce resources, extensive poverty and inequality, and a weak position in the international economic system. Weak economices. Lack of opportunity for the majority of the population. Class stratification in urban Brazil. Threat of rural land reform. Caste system of India.
Putting Islam to Work--Book Review
Two different book reviews on the book "Putting Islam to Work." One focuses on the educational system in Egypt and its integration of Islam in to the curriculum; the other focuses on Islam as an agent of social engineering in Egypt.
SHIITE MUSLIMS IN PAKISTAN.
Political & social history of Islamic sect. Schism with Sunnis, cultural & religious identity, fragmentation, impact in India, massacres, leadership, persecution.
China and India
This paper provides a discussion of how classical China and classical India were influenced by religion, geography, government, agriculture, and other social structures. The paper also explores how these social structures were influential on other nations in Southeast Asia.
1993 WORLD TRADE CENTER BOMBING.
Discusses the U.S. federal response against the terrorists in the 1993 WTC bombing. Investigation of the crime, prosecution of the defendants, results of the trial. Relation to terrorist attack of 9/11. Details the various investigation activities of the FBI, and ATF. Charges against Muslim fundamentalists. Compares legal response of 1993 to 2001.