AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL (A.I.).
Focuses on the organization's opposition to the death penalty. Context of the opposition. Reasons for opposition based on the view that the death penalty is an extreme physical and mental assault on a person already in government control. Effects on victim's family, and on members of the criminal justice system. Capital punishment and crime. Actions taken by A.I.
English lawyer, Peter Benenson, first launched Amnesty International in May 1961, when he published an appeal in the London... more
English lawyer, Peter Benenson, first launched Amnesty International in May 1961, when he published an appeal in the London newspaper, The Observer. He called for the general public to be more aware of those around the world who were being imprisoned, tortured, or executed because of their political or religious beliefs (Amnesty International Website. . ., 2002). As currently as this year, in fact, it has been reported that in Saudi Arabia, for example, trials are often held in secret and the scope of the death penalty has been widened to cover adultery, witchcraft, and apostasy as well as violent crimes. Denied lawyers, defendants often do not know they have been sentenced to death until they are led out to be beheaded (Christian Science Monitor, 2002). Benenson's challenge in 1961