Argues that countries across the EC have been becoming increasingly stringent in their immigration policies, yet need for people to migrate due to economic pressure is increasing. One of the few doors left open was to claim asylum.
The institution of a common immigration policy is high on the list of stated goals for the European Community (EC). However, an implicit policy for... more
The institution of a common immigration policy is high on the list of stated goals for the European Community (EC). However, an implicit policy for asylum already seems to be in place. The drop in asylum applications for countries of the EC indicates that Europe is bound and determined to keep poor foreigners out in any way possible (The Economist, July 30, 1994). A big source of immigrant traffic has historically come from economic migrants; however, over the last five to six years, immigration controls have been tightening across many EC countries, which has made such migration increasingly difficult. One of the last routes open to economic migrants had been to seek entry by claiming they were in need of political asylum. The extent of false asylum claims, however, may be leading EC count
Sociological description of the Southern California Muslim community.
INTRODUCTION The Muslim community in Los Angeles constitutes a distinctive group within the larger population, a group shaped around its... more
INTRODUCTION The Muslim community in Los Angeles constitutes a distinctive group within the larger population, a group shaped around its religious beliefs and ethnic background. Given the volatility of relations in the Middle East, the Muslim community is often faced with the need to respond to different events, and a network of groups, organizations, and spokespersons has developed for this purpose. The Muslim community in Los Angeles has established itself as an important part of the larger community, though at the same time it is not as visible a community as some. The Muslim community does not have a central business district the way the Korean, Japanese, or Chinese communities have or even a cultural center the way the Jewish community has with the Fairfax district. In this sense, the Muslim community has remained more invisible,
Examines the plight of repressed Turkic "guest workers" in contemporary Germany. Focuses on alleged atmosphere of hate & violence rampant in Germany today.
Statement of Purpose The following paper will examine some of the ethnocultural determinants surrounding the treatment of Turks in present-day... more
Statement of Purpose The following paper will examine some of the ethnocultural determinants surrounding the treatment of Turks in present-day Germany. Determinants of ethnocultural identity such as race, religion, class, and power, as well as causal factors of inter-ethnic conflict such as state repression, economic inequality/class conflict,migration/expulsion, and fear of persecution/extermination will all be examined. It will be shown that the formation of a collective consciousness, specifically one aimed at uniting all of the European Community, would better determine the identities of future generations.
Describes the geo-cultural issues involved in the current immigration debate. Focuses on California & Prop. 187, but implies a more generalized conclusion.
Background A portion of elite opinion in the United States has taken a strong stand against what they label as "immigrant-baiting." For... more
Background A portion of elite opinion in the United States has taken a strong stand against what they label as "immigrant-baiting." For example, Business Week (Oct. 14, 1996) has argued that it is as loathsome as race-baiting and is often used for ugly political purposes. The magazine believes that stigmatizing immigrants cannot be tolerated. A think-tank in the state of California released a comprehensive report entitled "Why They Count: Immigrants Contributions to the Golden State." This report was intended to address the rising tide of anti-immigrant sentiment in the state of California through the presentation of what the report labeled as factual and education information on the historical and modern-day contributions of California immigrants
Examines terrible experiences of refugees from Vietnam War, some of whom made it to the U.S. where discrimination waited. Politics, resettlement, asylum, refugee policy, language.
Since the fall of Saigon in 1975, Vietnamese refugees have flocked to the U.S. in four waves in order to escape from the political persecution of the... more
Since the fall of Saigon in 1975, Vietnamese refugees have flocked to the U.S. in four waves in order to escape from the political persecution of the Communist government. The first wave of refugees consisted of successful and wealthy Vietnamese who were evacuated from Saigon by the Americans. In an efficient evacuation campaign, 120,000 Vietnamese were carried to four domestic military bases by ship and plane (Weiss 32). In the late seventies, the second wave, comprising ethnic Chinese and fishermen escaped to the U.S. in boats (Weiss 33). After the then-Secretary of State George Schultz’s proposal in 1984, Amerasian children who were outcasts in the Vietnamese society were allowed to enter the U.S (“Forgotten Children,” 32). Former political prisoners who were released from the notorious re-education camps constituted the fourth wave of
Examines difficulties in clearly defining the term "Hispanic." Demographics, diversity, subcultures, race & ethnicity, language, religion.
The Hispanic Demographic
Introduction In a country with such a diverse population, and a population that intermixes in many ways,... more
The Hispanic Demographic
Introduction In a country with such a diverse population, and a population that intermixes in many ways, ethnic and racial identification can become complicated. What defines an African-American, for example? How does the identifier of Asian-American differ from that of Pacific Islander? In many instances, national groups are lumped together in ways that are not comfortable for them, or may not seem appropriate. The Chinese and the Japanese are both subsumed in the category of Asian, or Asian-American, but their history and culture differs considerably. They do not even speak the same language. What makes a
Examines children's problems in U.S., focusing on Arab children in school. Multiculturalism, religion, values, bias, gender issues, language, more.
This research will examine emotional problems experienced by immigrant children, especially Arab children, upon their arrival in North America and how... more
This research will examine emotional problems experienced by immigrant children, especially Arab children, upon their arrival in North America and how those problems are compounded by teachers who tend to stereotype immigrant students. The research will set forth the context in which teacher behavior assumes importance for immigrant children's emotional experience of North America and then discuss the impact that inefficient or insensitive teaching methods might have on the children's welfare, with a view toward identifying means of intervention and reform where the children's emotional well-being is concerned. From the earliest days of the republic, the U.S. has functioned as the world's promised land. For some, it was the land of opportunity, for others a refuge. Through most of the 19th century, newcomers were welcomed by Americans. Workers were neede
Examines activities, politics, treatment, labor activism of Jews, focusing on late 19th & early 20th Cent.
Jewish immigrants in America brought with them a sense of involvement in political action far stronger than many other immigrant groups. Large... more
Jewish immigrants in America brought with them a sense of involvement in political action far stronger than many other immigrant groups. Large numbers of early immigrants either imported or adopted an interest in Socialism as a political system that promised alleviation of social and economic injustice. But it was the post-1900 generation of Eastern European Jews--actively persecuted and severely restricted in movement and most freedoms in Russia, Poland, the Ukraine, and other locales--who raised the level of activism in America, often being forced to take action against German Jewish immigrants who owned the large factories in which they labored. On emigrating to America they found that their marginalized status and restricted opportunities continued the need for political action while, at the same time, greater freedom in most respects allowed
Examines culture, environment, tourism & economy of American Chinatowns, focusing on L.A.
There is a region called Chinatown in many major American cities, a region where Chinese immigrants have gathered together and opened businesses in... more
There is a region called Chinatown in many major American cities, a region where Chinese immigrants have gathered together and opened businesses in such numbers that they have created a small version of their home in China. Such regions have a strong attraction for tourists because of the exotic nature of the food and goods sold. The best-known Chinatown may be that in Los Angeles because of its being featured in the movie Chinatown, which had little to do with Chinatown then or now. The Chinatown best known as a tourist mecca is probably that in San Francisco, a Chinatown that has been closely identified with the city for decades. The reason for the concentration of Chinese in San Francisco in particular is historical, since many Chinese were brought to California in the nineteenth century to work on the railroads. Once the railroads were built, most
Examines history of discrimination & acceptance since late 19th Cent. Causes, statistics, stereotypes, laws, types of bias, literacy tests.
This research will trace the actions and attitudes of Americans toward immigrants over the past 100 years. The research will set forth elements and... more
This research will trace the actions and attitudes of Americans toward immigrants over the past 100 years. The research will set forth elements and patterns of change and continuity that can be discerned from the behavior of Americans with regard to the presence and behavior of immigrants during this period and then discuss factors that appear to have influenced attitudes toward immigrants, as well as evaluate the influences themselves. Until recently, America has been the promised land for