Reviews secretary of state's partial autobiography, 1941-1953.
PRESENT AT THE CREATION Acheson's partial autobiography is a persuasive, highly articulate and insightful working memoir of his service in the... more
PRESENT AT THE CREATION Acheson's partial autobiography is a persuasive, highly articulate and insightful working memoir of his service in the Department of State between 1941 and 1953. Acheson's vivid and lucid portraits and accounts of the key personalities and events which were associated with the conduct of American foreign policy are valuable contributions to the history of an era when the United States assumed a leadership role in world affairs. The book was designed by its author as a work of advocacy, a lawyer's brief. In Acheson's own words, "detachment and objectivity seem to me less important than to tell a tale of large conceptions, great achievements, and some failures" (preface). The book's shortcomings relate to the limitations which were inherent in the world outlook of many American statesmen at that time and in Acheson's style of le
Comparative critique of five essays evaluating 1941 work on Southern thought, provincialism, history, slavery.
This study will provide a comparative critique of W.J. Cash's 1941 book The Mind of the South. The study will use five essays on Cash's seminal and... more
This study will provide a comparative critique of W.J. Cash's 1941 book The Mind of the South. The study will use five essays on Cash's seminal and controversial work, focusing on whether or not Cash's portrayal of the South is accurate and what impact his work has had on subsequent research on the same subject. One of the major assumptions of Cash's work is that for all their superficial differences, Southerners are similar in their thinking. It should be noted, as the Introduction to Cash's book makes clear, that Cash's audience is primarily the white male Southerner. With this in mind, we find Michael O'Brien, in Rethinking the South, rejecting Cash's work: "W.J. Cash made much of the idea that one Southerner is much like another. It is a misguided notion, and pernicious when translated to studying the
Examines 1924 scandal, corruption charges made by Sen. Burton Wheeler against Attorney General Harry Daugherty & subsequent Senate hearings.
Burton K. Wheeler, Harry M. Daugherty, and Teapot Dome This paper will discuss the attacks of Senator Burton K. Wheeler (D. Montana) on Attorney... more
Burton K. Wheeler, Harry M. Daugherty, and Teapot Dome This paper will discuss the attacks of Senator Burton K. Wheeler (D. Montana) on Attorney General Harry M. Daugherty during the Winter and Spring of 1924 concerning scandals involving the administration of President Warren G. Harding. The first part of the paper will provide some background to the conflict between the two men. The second part of the paper will examine the charges themselves and discuss their validity. This part of the paper will concentrate on the witnesses called before the Senate investigating committee by Wheeler. The Teapot Dome scandal involved the selling of leases to U.S. Navy oil reserves by the Secretary of the Interior to private oil companies. Secretary Albert Fall had arranged for control of the reserves to be transferred from the Department of the N
Historical background from 1899, pros & cons, peace pacts, public opinion & govt. policy toward Japan & Germany, Lend-Lease Act, economic & political considerations.
THE PRE-SECOND WORLD WAR NEUTRALITY CONTROVERSY IN THE UNITED STATES
This research examines the pre-Second World... more
THE PRE-SECOND WORLD WAR NEUTRALITY CONTROVERSY IN THE UNITED STATES
This research examines the pre-Second World War neutrality controversy in the United States. The most vocal opponents of changes to the nation's position of neutrality were the isolationists; however, German-American and Irish-American groups strongly opposed changes they feared would ally the United States more closely with the United Kingdom, and commercial and industrial interests opposed changes that would impinge on their freedom to trade with willing buyers. The most visible proponents of changes to the nation's neutrality laws were those individuals and groups who denounced what they perceived to be the inherent evilness of the sitting governments in Germany, Italy, and Japan. The most effe
Reviews work attempting to correct ethnocentric biases of earlier histories of U.S.
Howard Zinn's A People's History of the United States is an attempt to redress imbalances and ethnocentrism embodied in earlier historical accounts of... more
Howard Zinn's A People's History of the United States is an attempt to redress imbalances and ethnocentrism embodied in earlier historical accounts of the history of the United States. He examines first the ways in which American history has been written, some of the biases that have been displayed in such writing, and then sets out to offer a different point of view with a historiography that avoids the problems of the past and provides an alternative assessment of how this country developed, one not steeped in patriotic fervor and racial and ethnic prejudices. Zinn finds that history in the past has been written as if all those who read history have common interests which the historian is dedicated to serving. He says historians are not being intentionally deceptive, though clearly he does feel that
Background, anti-Semitism in U.S., economic fears, attitudes of Roosevelt administration & refusal to liberalize policy to accept Jews.
World War II and U.S. Immigration Policy Concerning Jews This paper will discuss the immigration policy of the United States prior to and during... more
World War II and U.S. Immigration Policy Concerning Jews This paper will discuss the immigration policy of the United States prior to and during the Second World War with regard to Jewish persons living in Europe. The thesis of this paper is that the U.S. government refused to liberalize immigration laws in response to the Nazi policies in Europe because of a combination of traditional anti-semitism, economic fears stemming from the Depression, and government responses to public opinion, both actual and perceived. The first part of the paper will provide a brief background to U.S. immigration policy during the Twentieth Century and show how this policy remained the same throughout the Second World War. The second part of the paper will examine anti-semitism in the U.S. during this period and discuss how it affected immigration policy. The third part of the
Reviews work on major social & political events & changes from Truman to Reagan.
Allan M. Winkler in his book Modern America: The United States from World War II to the Present relates the history of what came to be called the Cold... more
Allan M. Winkler in his book Modern America: The United States from World War II to the Present relates the history of what came to be called the Cold War period up to 1985, several years before the Cold War effectively ended with the dissolution of the Soviet Empire. The author begins with World War II because he feels "that the war had a profound impact in shaping the nature of postwar society" (xi). He notes that the war developed differently in the United States than it did anywhere else--the U.S. came to the war later, fought overseas, experienced no devastation at home, and gained a confidence that would last beyond the war. The author emphasizes the diplomacy of the war period and the nature of the various alliances that were formed at that time. During and after the war, various conferences were held among the Allies, conferences that would
Japanese political, historical & military motivations, realist vs. liberal views on reasons for attack, Japanese leadership,U.S.-Japanese relations.
INTRODUCTION The attack on Pearl Harbor occurred on December 7, 1941. It was a surprise attack on the U.S. fleet moored in the harbor by the... more
INTRODUCTION The attack on Pearl Harbor occurred on December 7, 1941. It was a surprise attack on the U.S. fleet moored in the harbor by the Japanese air force. Ever since, there has been speculation about the intentions of the Japanese in making this attack. The destruction of the fleet at Pearl Harbor could be no more than a temporary limitation on the ability of the United States to defend herself or to retaliate, as indeed proved to be the case. Prior to this attack, though, there was no reason to retaliate. The Japanese appeared to be casting a challenge in a way that was certain to bring about their destruction in a war they could not hope to win. The secrecy of the attack has been questioned in recent years as evidence has accumulated that the United Stats may have intercepted messages and monitored communications so
Evolution of historical interpretations of post-Civil War era. Changing views on race & slavery, politics, revisionism, economics.
The Changing Interpretations of Reconstruction This paper will discuss the period of Reconstruction in the United States, 1866-77, focusing upon... more
The Changing Interpretations of Reconstruction This paper will discuss the period of Reconstruction in the United States, 1866-77, focusing upon the changing historical interpretations of that period. The specific interpretations which will be discussed are those which were prominent during the following periods: from the end of Reconstruction itself through the beginning of the Twentieth Century, from 1900 through the 1930s (including the interpretations of the Black historians), from the 1940s through the 1950s, the revisionist interpretations of the 1960s, and the post-revisionist interpretations of the 1970s and 1980s. Although most historians discuss the Reconstruction period in the post-Confederate South as beginning with the end of the Civil War in 1865, Reconstruction did not officially begin until the passa
Background, Great Depression, 1932 election of Roosevelt, economic & social programs, party politics, WWII, impact on U.S. through 1980s. Chart.
Looking back at the impact of the New Deal on American politics in the 1930s, one is struck both by the actual changes it had on the course of... more
Looking back at the impact of the New Deal on American politics in the 1930s, one is struck both by the actual changes it had on the course of American history and the conceivable changes that were avoided. The New Deal did not revolutionize American politics, but it changed the socioeconomic system in this country dramatically. The New Deal helped protect the- two-party system from threats of those who advocated a one-party system as well as from those who champion a third party movement. The New Deal also transformed basic economic principles of economics from a laissez faire capitalist society to a managed economic system. Had the New Deal not intervened in American life, it seems certain that the forces of discontent would have grown, exposing American politics to radical elements demanding economic redistribution and reactionary elements demanding a