Discusses the "Troubles" as a fight between the Protestants and the Catholics. History of the region which is politically part of the United Kingdom. Role of the Irish Republican Army (IRA) and its use of armed warfare and religious strategies to end British rule. Efforts over the years to stop the violence.
NORTHERN IRELAND Politically still part of the United Kingdom, Northern Ireland’s “Troubles” continue as a fight between the... more
NORTHERN IRELAND Politically still part of the United Kingdom, Northern Ireland’s “Troubles” continue as a fight between the Protestants and the Catholics. Geographically, Northern Ireland is slightly larger than the state of Connecticut, and consists of 26 districts, “derived from the boroughs of Belfast and Londonderry and the counties of Antrim, Armagh, Down, Fermanagh, Londonderry and Tyrone. Together, they are commonly referred to as Ulster, though the territory does not contain the entire ancient province of Ulster.” (Brunner 877) Part of the contention deals with the so-called Six Counties, as the Protestants see it, and Nine counties (adding Donegal, Cavan and Monaghan from the ancient Ulster kingdom) that the Catholics want to preserve. Ulster (as we will refer to it from here on) was part of Catholic Ireland, until i
Presents a historiographical analysis. Contends Churchill was no historian in spite of his writing talent and vast output of books. Commends his style. Popularity of his writings and lack of critical acclaim. Contends his writings were not scholarly because he imposed his personality and personal experiences in everything he wrote.
THE HISTORIES OF WINSTON CHURCHILL: A HISTORIOGRAPHICAL ANALYSIS Winston Churchill turned out literally millions of words in his... more
THE HISTORIES OF WINSTON CHURCHILL: A HISTORIOGRAPHICAL ANALYSIS Winston Churchill turned out literally millions of words in his considerable lifetime – he died at ninety in 1965 – and from the beginning, his copy was “gorgeous” (as some editors would put it). He thrilled readers with reportage of his own turn-of-the-century military adventures in India and South Africa. He described, analyzed and speculated upon a host of topics for eager magazine readers in the decades between the two world wars; he completed immense biographies of his own ancestors and other British bigwigs of the past; and he capped his career in the 1950s with a six-volume history of The Second World War and his four-volume A History of the English Speaking Peoples. Churchill’s writings were immensely popular. An impoverished arist
Argues that Wolsey, as Lord Chancellor and an intimate advisor to Henry VIII, was not a pawn of the King. Wolsey's consolidation of his personal power and wealth. His being subject to the King's pleasure and will. His diplomatic talents and achievements. His role in Church reform & disastrous administration of the Church. His excellent changes in the law courts. Outline.
I Thomas Cardinal Wolsey was not a pawn of Henry VIII even though all his actions were subject to the King's approval. A. Wolsey's... more
I Thomas Cardinal Wolsey was not a pawn of Henry VIII even though all his actions were subject to the King's approval. A. Wolsey's talents and ambition made him an accomplished diplomat and administrator, and allowed him to amass great wealth from his ecclesiastical positions. Wolsey's status as his own man, rather than a pawn of the King, must be judged in terms of what he wished to accomplish rather than by current standards. II Wolsey had great diplomatic talents. His Treaty of London secured a vital alliance with France and made England a major power in European politics. B. Wolsey grasped the importance of clear, comprehensive treaties along modern lines and securing English safety
Military and civilian police forces. History of each force. Roots of law enforcement in British Common law. Development of police force to provide social control. Origin of military police by George Washington during the Revolutionary War. Goal of civilian police departments to protect the rights of citizens. Duties and training. Development of similar services of both forces.
Law enforcement in the United States has a rich and varied history. Although most people are familiar with the “boys in blue” who patrol the... more
Law enforcement in the United States has a rich and varied history. Although most people are familiar with the “boys in blue” who patrol the nation’s neighborhoods, many are utterly ignorant of the role military police play in enforcing the laws of our nation. Military and civilian police forces around the country perform similar tasks for different constituents. However, with the advent of domestic terrorism rising in recent years, the lines differentiating the military police from the civilian police have started to blur. As civilian police forces become increasingly militarized, it is important to explore the differences and similarities between civilian and military police forces and what their goals are. In the end, both military and civilian police forces have one mission: to provide for the safety of the citizens of the United States.
Discusses 2 different reasons for growth of Imperialism. 1) need to protect British trade routes & 2) relationship between negative balance of payments based on Britain's diminishing exports.
How “Illiberal” Was British Imperialism from 1815 to 1914? Introduction A host of revisionist historians and scholars are having a... more
How “Illiberal” Was British Imperialism from 1815 to 1914? Introduction A host of revisionist historians and scholars are having a field day repositioning Britain and the British Empire during its period of rampant expansionism. Much of this current discussion has been prompted by the recent publication of Dumett’s (1999) major compilation of debate concerning the real goals and effects of British Imperialism. Entitled Gentlemanly Capitalism and British Imperialism. The New Debate on Empire, the opus is, in many ways, a response to the 1993 publication of Cain and Hopkins work on British Imperialism that argued that the rampant imperialism was due to the intricate relationship between a negative balance of payments based on Britain’s diminishing exports, and the money generated by
Review of book on Henry VIII's Spanish wife. Their divorce. Her impact on history.
Garrett Mattingly, in Catherine of Aragon, aims to create a more complex and significant portrait of Catherine and her life than previously drawn by... more
Garrett Mattingly, in Catherine of Aragon, aims to create a more complex and significant portrait of Catherine and her life than previously drawn by others: [I]t was borne in upon me that the Queen Catherine . . . was a different person, more cultured and thoughtful, more forceful and decisive, than the one I had read about elsewhere. . . . (i). Catherine has been portrayed as a woman whose significance was measured almost entirely by her relationship with men, with Henry, with the Pope, with the need of others for her to bear a son, or as a rival to Ann Boleyn for Henry's affections. She is often seen as a person who had little to contribute aside from child-bearing, aside from her marriage, aside from her role as symbolic leader.
Early English settlements in New England & Virginia. Reasons for immigration; metropolitan & rural patterns. Outline.
A. English immigrants (1600-1780) came to the New World primarily for economic reasons. 1. 2 million people... more
A. English immigrants (1600-1780) came to the New World primarily for economic reasons. 1. 2 million people emigrated from England in 1600-1780. 2. Immigration was a positive alternative to life in England or a desperate last resort. B. Few English emigrants went to French Canada until after the Revolutionary War. English settlers in the West Indies were few because the labor demand was absorbed by slavery. C. New England settled by religious sects' families as economic base in order to practice their religions freely. Pilgrims in the Plymouth colony were craftsmen and farmers. 2. Puritans at Massachusetts Bay were lawyers and landowners and managed the colony
Analyzes effects in Ireland (1845-1849) & on Irish culture including rural depopulation, emigration, social reforms, British response.
EFFECTS OF THE POTATO FAMINE ON IRISH CULTURE This research paper traces, discusses and analyzes the effects of the blight of the potato crops... more
EFFECTS OF THE POTATO FAMINE ON IRISH CULTURE This research paper traces, discusses and analyzes the effects of the blight of the potato crops and the resulting famine in Ireland in 1845-1849 on Irish culture. The most direct and immediate effects of the famine and the inadequate response of the authorities to it were widespread suffering, privation, starvation and deaths, primarily among the most impoverished groups of small Irish farmers and laborers in the west and southwestern parts of Ireland who depended on the potato crops for subsistence. The famine also produced and accelerated massive emigration from, and depopulation of, much of rural Ireland. Nearly three quarters of a century and many intervening events were to transpire before Catholic Ireland achieved independence and Ireland was partitioned so no direct cause and effect
History of legends of the "perfect" King. Arthur's traits, his epic adventures.
This essay will examine the legend of King Arthur, exploring the reasons for our fascination with him, even today. Is he the “perfect” king, the... more
This essay will examine the legend of King Arthur, exploring the reasons for our fascination with him, even today. Is he the “perfect” king, the king for all time? The history of how the legends and myths surrounding this most famous King of the Britons evolved will be presented first. Then, a most famous and historical source of the legends, Sir Thomas Malory’s Le Morte D’Arthur, will serve as the primary text, (with passing references to others), to analyze the heroic traits attributed to this “once and future king,” traits which have been enshrined in the epic traditions of western culture. The thesis of this essay is that Arthur is the “perfect” king of the western world because he is its most enduring mythic figure. And as a mythic figure, he has actually been created by the west, and has evolv
History in Gr. Britain (1760-1850). Impact on professionalization of science & education & on Western Europe.
The First Industrial Revolution (1760-1850) had an immense impact on the institutionalization and professionalization of science in the leading... more
The First Industrial Revolution (1760-1850) had an immense impact on the institutionalization and professionalization of science in the leading nations of Western Europe. This Revolution was limited to Great Britain which, in addition to possessing the optimum combination of resources and circumstances, was a unified national entity--unlike the German states--and did not suffer the upheavals of revolution or the expenditure of its resources on wars of conquest--as happened in France. Because of these and other circumstances Britain, France, and Germany took very different approaches to the creation of scientific institutions, including colleges and universities, and the development of scientific professions. In Britain, in the most general terms, the laissez-faire attitude that lent itself to the flourishing of industry also predominated