Discusses increase in number of non-traditional families including lesbian-headed households. Social and political questions about the nature of the family. The issue of whether children born in non-traditional families are likely to be at-risk and not develop as normally as their peers in traditional families. Describes a research study on the subject; methodology, results.
Chan, R.W., Raboy, B. And Patterson, C.J. (1998). Psychosocial adjustment among children conceived via donor... more
Chan, R.W., Raboy, B. And Patterson, C.J. (1998). Psychosocial adjustment among children conceived via donor insemination by lesbian and heterosexual mothers. Child Development, 69(2), 443-457.
During the past few decades, there has been an increase in types of American family structure and an increase in the overall number of non-traditional families. Along with that change in family structure, there has come criticism asserting that nontraditional families are not as healthy for children and that children in nontrad
An essay on the struggles of women who work at night. Choosing night work so they can care for their families during the daytime. Myth of the nuclear family, and ideal role of women in the home. Economic issues. Personal problem of focusing on others while ignoring their own needs and desires.
Anita Ilta Garey, in Wharton, writes of the economic, physical, psychological, social and familial struggles of women who work at night and raise... more
Anita Ilta Garey, in Wharton, writes of the economic, physical, psychological, social and familial struggles of women who work at night and raise families in the daytime. These women work because their families need the money, and they work at night because it allows them to fulfill the responsibilities of being mothers and wives during the day. The most interesting parts of Garey's essay to me have to do with the ideals which women are pursuing as they work at night and raise a family by day, and the role that the 2000 census, as a current event still playing a role in defining America, plays in this set of circumstances. Basically, Garey says that the women are pursuing the ideal of the traditional nuclear family, which portrays the woman/mother/wife as a stay-at-home stabilizer on the domestic front while the husband/father goes to work in the daytime. The
Discusses the role of communication. How the use of interpersonal communication skills can be used to deal with conflict involved in divorce. The social process of interpersonal communication. The role trust plays. Behavioral system balance. Conflict avoidance. The sociology and psychology of emotions. Various therapeutic theories and approaches. Need for open communication.
ROLE OF COMMUNICATION IN CONFLICT MANAGEMENT RELATED TO DIVORCE Introduction This research reviews and analyzes the role of communication in... more
ROLE OF COMMUNICATION IN CONFLICT MANAGEMENT RELATED TO DIVORCE Introduction This research reviews and analyzes the role of communication in conflict management strategies applied in couples situations involving divorce. The presentation of the findings of the review discuss (1) interpersonal communication, (2) behavioral system balance, (3) conflict avoidance, and (4) communication in couples situations involving divorce or the potential of divorce. Interpersonal Communication Dealing effectively with situations involving interpersonal conflict requires the development and use of interpersonal communication skills. Interpersonal communication is defined as the process linking discontinuous living entities with one
Discusses social and cultural aspects. Evolving notion of motherhood. Influence of external institutions such as the Church, the State and the medical institutions. Changing attitudes toward mothers and "mothercraft" related to societal perceptions about women. Idea of the connection of childrearing to the public domain. Oppression of women.
Although motherhood revolves around women’s capacity to reproduce, its inherent concept is primarily defined by the prevalent social and cultural... more
Although motherhood revolves around women’s capacity to reproduce, its inherent concept is primarily defined by the prevalent social and cultural practices of its times. In modern history, the evolving notion of motherhood has enabled external institutions such as the Church, the State and the medical institutions to dictate how women should behave and more specifically how they should raise their children (Ross 4-5). From the development of the concept of the “republican motherhood” to the infant welfare and eugenics movements of early 20th century, women have had to endure the intrusive participation of outside agents in their domestic arenas and the violation of the privacy of their bodies. This paper thus traces how the changing concept of motherhood has shaped the lives of women in the modern era.
Discusses both sides of the issue. Cites many studies on the topic. Conservative elements of American society that maintains women should stay home and take care of their kids. Growth of females in the work force. Economic factors. Importance of quality daycare. Problem of lack of daycare funding by the government.
EFFECTS ON CHILD BEHAVIOR OF MOTHERS WORKING OUTSIDE THE HOME: A LITERATURE REVIEW Introduction: Topic Identification Recently, television... more
EFFECTS ON CHILD BEHAVIOR OF MOTHERS WORKING OUTSIDE THE HOME: A LITERATURE REVIEW Introduction: Topic Identification Recently, television and print media in the United States reported research by Mary Eberstadt (2001) indicating that the children of mothers who worked outside the home displayed behavioral problems far more frequently than the children of mother who stayed at home. Eberstadt (2001) concluded that the causal source of the problem was a combination of day care and an absence of maternal contact and supervision. The issue reported by Eberstadt (2001) is important, and, while her findings may be valid, the failure of the media to fully identify her background and that of the journal that published her work indicates a need to explore the issue f
Examines effects of income and education levels on parental views and use of corporal punishment. Hypothesizes that low-income, less educated parents use physical force more than verbal assertion. Discusses many studies on the topic that reveal corporal punishment to be prevelent despite negative consequences and decreased attitudes toward its practice.
EFFECTS OF INCOME AND EDUCATION LEVELS ON PARENTAL CORPORAL PUNISHMENT Abstract The purpose of this research paper is to investigate... more
EFFECTS OF INCOME AND EDUCATION LEVELS ON PARENTAL CORPORAL PUNISHMENT Abstract The purpose of this research paper is to investigate effects of income and education levels on parental views and uses of corporal punishment. A review of the literature will be used to address the following hypothesis: lower income and educational levels will be positively associated with higher tendencies to believe in and practice, spanking. The population investigated will include both parents but will focus on mothers. It is expected that the research will support the hypothesis. Introduction The following review of the literature will present fin
Discusses decline of marriage as number one priority of women today. Proposes a research study to examine reasons and issues. Significance of changing societal views of marriage; high divorce rate. Evaluation of women's views. Psychological perspective. Social perspetives. Issue of financial security. Methodology.
WOMEN'S VIEWS ON MARRIAGE AS A PRIORITY I. INTRODUCTION The role of women in the United States has undergone a major transformation over... more
WOMEN'S VIEWS ON MARRIAGE AS A PRIORITY I. INTRODUCTION The role of women in the United States has undergone a major transformation over the past four decades brought about by changes in their economic and social status. Women are less likely to marry than ever before, according to the findings of Rutgers University National Marriage Project (1999). Findings of the Census Bureau concur; according to the Census Bureau, Americans are postponing marriage. The decline of marriage as the number one priority of women may be due in large part to the greater amount of alternatives today's women have. Studies show that women are placing increased value on autonomy and focusing on ways to reach this goal (Berend, 2000, p. 935). Alternatively, studies have shown that this attitude may also be
Contends the trauma suffered by victims is harmful to the victim, families and society. Definitions of domestic violence. Pattern of battering. Battered wife syndrome. Estimates of number of domestic assaults. Cycle of violence (physical, sexual, emotional, verbal, psychological attacks & economic coercion. Types of ongoing trauma (severe injuries, pain, depression).
TRAUMA EXPERIENCE IN DOMESTIC VIOLENCE Introduction Domestic violence is a widespread phenomenon in the United States. Although domestic... more
TRAUMA EXPERIENCE IN DOMESTIC VIOLENCE Introduction Domestic violence is a widespread phenomenon in the United States. Although domestic violence assumes several forms, most victims of domestic violence experience physical trauma and secondary outcomes stemming from the trauma experience (Feldhaus, 2001). This paper reviews the trauma experience in domestic violence. Defining Domestic Violence There are several definitions of domestic violence. One definition is that domestic violence includes all violence occurring within a home. The Family Violence Prevention Fund defines domestic violence as a pattern of assaultive and coercive behaviors — including physical, sexual, and psychological
Examines societal attitudes toward single-parent families, most negative. American ideal of the perfect family. Realities of contemporary society and families. Growing number of single-parent households. Discusses two major areas of concern for single parents (usually mothers): providing emotional support for the family and providing financial security. Problem of a single wage household in terms of adequate income. Some solutions.
The more things change, the more people wish that they would stay the same. Or at least that seems to be the case when it comes to Americans’ ideas... more
The more things change, the more people wish that they would stay the same. Or at least that seems to be the case when it comes to Americans’ ideas about what constitutes a “real” family. This paper examines the ways in which society assumes that a single-parent family is somehow not a real family and how this fact makes the other stresses faced by single parents even more difficult. It also looks at two of the most difficult areas for single parents – providing emotional support for their families and providing financial security for their families. Despite the fact that the majority of American children born today are likely to find themselves in a single-parent household at some point (Wagonseller etal, 1997, p. 14), the ideal of a perfect family in most people’s minds is still made up of a mother, a father and two or three children. The stereotype of this
Increase in families in which both parents work outside the home. Problem of developing strategies for coping with conflicting demands of work, parenting and a romantic relationship. Rearing of infants and children. Use of a professional nanny for childcare. Use of day-care services and relatives by less affluent families.
In today’s social and economic climate, a dramatic increase in the number of families in which both parents and partners work outside of the home... more
In today’s social and economic climate, a dramatic increase in the number of families in which both parents and partners work outside of the home has been observed (Baron & Byrne, 2000). A major task for both partners is developing appropriate strategies for coping with the often conflicting demands of work, parenting, and a romantic relationship. Generally, even when women in such a situation have an active and demanding career, they remain responsible for a majority of the responsibilities centered on homemaking and childcare (Baron & Byrne, 2000; Cheever, 1997). Strategies that can facilitate a response to these demands include hiring full-time childcare assistance (a “nanny”) and/or cleaning services/maids, placing infants and pre-school children in day-care centers, or getting assistance in childcare from family members. This brief essay will