EDUCATION OF CHILDREN.
Analysis of views on how best to educate children. Discusses Jean-Jacques Rousseau's theories as expressed in DISCOURSE ON POLITICAL ECONOMY in which he states the concerns of the State should be the primary function of education.; the State must create good, patriotic citizens. Uniformity of thinking should be taught. Compares Rousseau's educational philosophy to Voltaire's view as expressed in the satirical CANDIDE, with its emphasis on the pursuit of truth, not uniformity.
Jean-Jacques Rousseau's views on the education of children, as expressed in his Discourse on Political Economy, are based on his belief that the... more
Jean-Jacques Rousseau's views on the education of children, as expressed in his Discourse on Political Economy, are based on his belief that the stability of society is paramount and that the truth, whatever it might be and wherever it might lead, is secondary at best, and even dangerous to society. Accordingly, he favors an educational system which is run by the state and which places the needs of the state above all other considerations, including the needs of the individual or the rights of parents to educate their children at home. The child is to be raised and educated, according to Rousseau, as an obedient, loyal citizen of the state, and not as an individual human being who was created to seek and find the truth and to develop himself or herself in any way which might contradict the needs of the state. This state-centered education, says Rousseau, should begin with