Discusses growth of bad bahaviors in spots arenas. Behavioral decline due to moral decay in society. Concept of fair play. Importance of fair play in physical education curriculum to instill positive character traits in students. Elements of fair play (honesty, respect). Impact of "must win" concept.
APPLICATION OF FAIR PLAY GUIDELINES IN PHYSICAL EDUCATION Introduction Over the past three decades, once abnormal and abhorred behaviours... more
APPLICATION OF FAIR PLAY GUIDELINES IN PHYSICAL EDUCATION Introduction Over the past three decades, once abnormal and abhorred behaviours have become the norm in sports arenas —- both on the field and in the stands —- in many parts of the world. Some observers attribute the behavioural decline to the democratisation of sport wherein control over games passed to lower social orders (Butcher & Schneider, 1998), while others attribute behavioural deterioration in sports to moral decay in the broader society (Peiser, 1995). An argument stemming from the first explanation is that reprehensible behaviour spreads from commercial athletes (it is the utmost foolishness to refer to such athletes as professionals) to young people in schools as school athletes atte
Discusses pre-adolescent diversity, curriculum, pedagogic content of physical education programs. Physical, emotional, intellectual and social development of pre-adolescents. Goal of physical education programs & approaches to achieving goal. Types of desirable curriculum & examples. Case study example. Teaching of social beliefs, behaviors & conformity in addition to physical fitness (hidden curriculum).
PHYSICAL EDUCATION IN THE MIDDLE SCHOOL Review of The Literature Introduction This review of the literature regarding physical... more
PHYSICAL EDUCATION IN THE MIDDLE SCHOOL Review of The Literature Introduction This review of the literature regarding physical education in the middle school will include the following relevant topics: pre adolescent diversity, curriculum evaluation, pedagogic content, the case study example, and the hidden curriculum. Pre Adolescent Diversity The middle school, developed around 30 years ago, was designed for the young adolescent, who was not ready for the impersonal climate found in the high school environment. The nature of this situation comes with difficulties that are yet to be resolved. Placek (1992) visited four middle schools and found that teachers and principles are still searching and struggling
Inclusion of disabled students in mainstream physical education classes. Federal law and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). Amendments of 1997. New challenges faced by physical educators regarding adapting activities for students with disabilities. Advantages and disadvantages of mainstreaming. Strategies tor creating a physical education program for special needs students.
Mainstreaming and Physical Education Introduction Federal educational law in general and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act... more
Mainstreaming and Physical Education Introduction Federal educational law in general and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) Amendments of 1997 mandate that disabled students with physical, learning, or emotional disorders be placed in the least restrictive physical education environment to provide the best opportunity for learning (Jansma & Decker, 1992; Yun, Shapiro, & Kennedy, 2000). Mainstreaming, also known as inclusion, seeks nothing less than the full or most extensive possible integration of special education students into all types of regular education classrooms. For many such students, however, inclusion in mainstream physical education classes is difficult due to limited resources and the lack of an adaptive physical education curriculum. Background
Evaluation of high school coaches. Identifies elements that should be addressed, and who should conduct the evaluation. Roles of coaches in the secondary school environment. Evaluation as a learning experience for the coach that can lead to improved performance on and off the field. Appendix includes a 4-page checklist of attributes of football or athletic coaches.
Evaluating High School Football Coaches The purpose of this brief report is to identify the elements that should be addressed in an evaluation... more
Evaluating High School Football Coaches The purpose of this brief report is to identify the elements that should be addressed in an evaluation of a secondary school football coach. Also important in this context is the identification of who should conduct such an evaluation. Attached as an appendix to the report is a “checklist” of attributes of the football or athletic coach that can be extremely useful in conducting a thorough-going evaluation. Coaches in the secondary school environment are required to assume a variety of roles – sports instructor, surrogate parent, counselor, role model, and classroom teacher. Evaluating the performance of a high school athletic coach, including those whose focus is on football, is a task that is equally complex (Figone, p. 54). This complexity is linked to the myriad roles that the coac
Examines school & non-school needs of student-athletes, standards for advising & counseling, services, holistic approach.
MANAGEMENT PROBLEMS AND ISSUES IN ATHLETIC ACADEMIC ADVISING Introduction What difficulties, problems, and issues are faced by managers... more
MANAGEMENT PROBLEMS AND ISSUES IN ATHLETIC ACADEMIC ADVISING Introduction What difficulties, problems, and issues are faced by managers charged with the responsibility of administrating athletic academic advisement programs? The purpose of this paper is to examine research related to these problems. Difficulties, Problems, and Issues One issue in the management of athletic academic advisement programs can be seen in a study conducted by Blake (1988) whose research focused on the administration of intercollegiate athletics. Of primary interest in Blake's study was determining the degree of loosely coupled or tightly coupled patterns of administration that exists for intercollegiate athletics. Secondarily, Blake sought to discover differences between
For grades 4 through 7. Funding & general plan for adventure playground. Table.
A Middle School Recreation Program According to professionals in the field, recreation and the closely related areas of athletics and physical... more
A Middle School Recreation Program According to professionals in the field, recreation and the closely related areas of athletics and physical education make great contributions to the physical and mental health, as well as general happiness and well-being of people. Athletics and physical education help people of all ages live healthy, satisfying, and energetic lives. The science and skill of movement aims to (1) develop maximum physical efficiency, (2) develop physical skill and knowledge about how to use these skills, (3) act in socially cooperative ways, and (4) enjoy healthy physical recreation (The Athletic Institute, 1974, p. 1). A sound school program requires daily instruction and participation in all types of activities to develop strength, endurance, coordination, flexibility and pleasure essential for
Relationship between individual's unique personal & behavioral dispositions & his success in sports.
This paper will review literature, which has investigated the relationship between personality and sports performance. Primarily, the discussion will... more
This paper will review literature, which has investigated the relationship between personality and sports performance. Primarily, the discussion will center around the issue of introversion and player position. An experiment will be proposed which will attempt to describe the possible differences between offensive and defensive positions and introversion. Personality and Sports Performance Studies The growing knowledge about aptitude, abilities, and skills has just begun to explain performance differences, in terms of depending to some extent on the individual’s unique and personal and behavioral dispositions. Such dispositions that an individual brings to a performance are not fully understood, neither as to the nature of the predisposition nor as to the predictive value. This is not surprising, given that the field