Examines the issue in the U.S. Trends in incarceration and institutional overcrowding. Increase in prison population. Emergence of overcrowding as a major public issue. Increase in violence crimes in the U.S. Development of new sentencing guidelines & mandates prison time. Costs associated with operating prisons. Approaches to reduction of criminal activity.
This research examines the issue and phenomenon of prison overcrowding in the United States. The... more
This research examines the issue and phenomenon of prison overcrowding in the United States. The examination reviews trends in incarceration, trends in institutional overcrowding, issues associated with prison overcrowding, and potential solutions to the problem of prison overcrowding.
Trends in Incarceration and Institutional Overcrowding
More than 6.5 million persons (3.1 percent of the adult population of the United States) were under correctional supervision in the United States at mid-year 2001 — the most recent available data. Of this total number, 1,962,220 were incarcerated (1,330,980 in prison and 631,240 in jail), 732,351 were on parole, and 3,932,751 were on probation (Bureau of Justice Statistics, 200