Discusses the motives and actions of the cold blooded murderer, Perry Smith. Material is from Truman Capote's nonfiction novel "IN COLD BLOOD," and an article by G.A. Satten. Examines Smith's life and actions with Satten's examples to grasp how he could murder without apparent reason. Early abuses suffered by Smith.
In the annals of cold-blooded murders, the killing of the Clutter family stands out as a prime example. Truman Capote's 1965 non-fiction novel on the... more
In the annals of cold-blooded murders, the killing of the Clutter family stands out as a prime example. Truman Capote's 1965 non-fiction novel on the subject infers that the two murderers, Perry Smith and Dick Hickock, were not psychologically responsible, and although the two were found guilty, Capote's perspective seems reasonable. The murders committed by Perry Smith seem inexplicable even after reading Capote's In Cold Blood with its collection of accounts of Smith's life, the psychiatrist's report, and the excerpts from the Satten article on other murders committed "without apparent motive" (p. 298). Of course, as Capote points out, it was only the murder of Mr. Clutter that presents this kind of mystery since the other three members of the family were killed out of self-protection. But in Smith's account of killing Mr. Clutter there is so much simple
Examines how to reduce crime in the U.S. and improve the quality of life. Cites social costs in terms of ecnomics. Crime statistics. Selected types of crime activity in poor urban areas. Problems of gangs and drugs. Assessment of crime prevention programs; ones that work. Issue of funding for community policing.
Crime Control and Justice in the United States: A Forecast Crime is seen as having profound effects on the quality of life in the United States,... more
Crime Control and Justice in the United States: A Forecast Crime is seen as having profound effects on the quality of life in the United States, and as imposing social costs that reach as much as $1 trillion per year (Ludwig, Duncan, & Hirschfield, 2001). Crime statistics indicate that selected types of crime in specific geographic locales have been declining, but according to Stephens (2001), crime and crime control continue to occupy a central position on the American social and political agenda. This report will examine the ways in which the national crime control efforts and the administration of justice are likely to evolve and change over the course of the next 50 years. It will be argued that a combination of what Stephens (2001) calls “proactive policing” and the deployment of sophisticated electronic technologies to pre
Discusses whether the system is too lenient or too tough. Contends main problem is that is is responsive to the wrong pressures. Focus on economic & political pressures and attitudes, not on the severity of the crime. Example of early release policy due to prison overcrowding. Problem of media sensationalism.
OUR CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM: IS IT TOO LENIENT, TOO TOUGH, OR JUST RIGHT? There is no question that our criminal justice system has... more
OUR CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM: IS IT TOO LENIENT, TOO TOUGH, OR JUST RIGHT? There is no question that our criminal justice system has problems, but at the root, the problem is not whether it is too lenient or too tough, but whether it is responsive to the wrong pressures, so that the leniency or toughness in the prosecution of a crime is not based on the severity of the crime and the circumstances around, but on the economic and political pressures and attitudes surrounding it at that point in time Sometimes the criminal justice system is considered too lenient, but that seems to happen less and less. The occasions when the justice system is too lenient occur almost always when convicted criminals are released early because of econo
Discusses reasons why sexual offenders kill their victims. The two types of sexual homocide. Signs that an individual may become a sexual killer. Value to investigation of profiling crime scenes & offenders. Treatements for sex offenders. Division of experts regarding success of psychological treatment. Dangers to society of release.
Sexual killers often display aggressive and antisocial behaviors during their childhood, which escalates to sexual sadism in adulthood. The pattern... more
Sexual killers often display aggressive and antisocial behaviors during their childhood, which escalates to sexual sadism in adulthood. The pattern and style of their killings involves domination, control, humiliation and sadistic sexual violence. The killers rarely show remorse, and the murders of the randomly chosen victims are committed with no sense of guilt or shame (Geberth, 1995). These psychopaths are morally bereft, incapable of intimacy and empathy, essentially being entirely egocentric. They reason in a way that is not acceptable to society and investigators must attempt to determine how their alternative reasoning works (Turvey par. 43-45). Examined in this paper are sexual offenders who kill and their reasons for killing, signs that an individual may become a sexual killer, the value of offender profiling, and
Examines escalation of various kinds of violence in the workplace. Robbery, client violence, co-worker violence. Use of criminal & sociological theories to explain violent behaviors. Duty of employers to provide a safe, healthy workplace. Profiling violent perpetrators, particularly of co-worker violence. Importance of developing security systems & social bonds. Statistics.
Workplace violence has escalated considerably during the last two decades and security firms are increasingly forced to take these behaviors into... more
Workplace violence has escalated considerably during the last two decades and security firms are increasingly forced to take these behaviors into account as part of their mission with various kinds of companies. There are three basic categories of workplace violence, based on type of perpetrator: actions performed by outsiders; actions performed by clients; and co-worker violence. The first category--which includes, for instance, those who try to rob a place of business--has always been a security concern and the design of any system of protection takes this into account. But both client violence--which constitutes a significant percentage of incidents of workplace violence especially in service settings such as hospitals, public agencies, and nursing homes--and co-worker-perpetuated violence--which includes everything from simple aggressive behavior to homicide--present different kinds of challenges and are the
Discusses the need for greater interagency cooperation between law enforcement agencies at all levels of government. Importance in reducing violent crimes. Discusses the decline in crime in general in the U.S. Various programs that account for the decline. Recommends federal, state and local officials & agencies agree to share resources and information.
Controlling Crime With Interagency Cooperation The idea has been advanced that crime control and reduction can best be achieved via close... more
Controlling Crime With Interagency Cooperation The idea has been advanced that crime control and reduction can best be achieved via close cooperation and communication between the myriad law enforcement and other criminal justice agencies and organizations that exist at the federal, state and local levels. It is the purpose of this report to examine this thesis, and to present a case in favor of enhanced interagency cooperation. While crime in the United States in general and in major metropolitan areas in particular has declined in recent years, greater reductions in violent crime are clearly needed to improve the safety and security of the general public. Stephens (1999) reported that street crime in the United States dropped to historically low levels by the end of the 1990S. Various research studies have been conducted to empirically determine
Discusses use of hormone therapy, or chemical castration, as an effective treatment program for recidivist sex offenders. Describes how hormone therapy works. States that permit its use. Controversy over the treatment regarding medical risks and Constitutional issues. Research studies conducted on effectiveness. Need for psychological therapy Need for future research studies.
I. Introduction A. Chemical castration and male sex offenders For many years, the U.S. has sought to eliminate sexual offenses by treating... more
I. Introduction A. Chemical castration and male sex offenders For many years, the U.S. has sought to eliminate sexual offenses by treating sexual offenders with various methods such as behavioral modification therapy, relapse prevention and cognitive reconditioning (“Review of the research literature,” 2001, p. 5). Since 1981, with the discovery of the effectiveness of specific hormones in reducing testosterone levels in human beings (Berlin & Meinecke, 1981), hormone therapy, known as chemical castration, has been tested extensively on sex offenders. Essentially, the objective of administering these drugs is to reduce the blood serum testosterone levels and lead to a concomitant decrease in sexual arousal and sexual preoccupations. The drugs work by acting on the hypothalamus,
His contribution to forensic psychiatry. His efforts to humanize treatment of mentally ill offenders in criminal courts. Development of the insanity defense. Ray's early life and career. His theory of moral insanity; naturalistic view of human beings. The 1843 McNaughton case and ruling. Ray's books on different facets of mental health and crime.
ISAAC RAY This research paper summarizes the life, contributions to criminology and influence of Isaac Ray (1807-1881). A man of many interests... more
ISAAC RAY This research paper summarizes the life, contributions to criminology and influence of Isaac Ray (1807-1881). A man of many interests and talents, Ray pursued a long and distinguished career as a psychiatrist, a mental health administrator, writer, lecturer and community leader. He was the leading figure in the United States in the 19th century in the field of forensic psychiatry. He is best known for his efforts, sustained over several decades, to bring about reforms in the way in which criminal courts determined whether a defendant was insane. Ray wielded great influence within his profession. His views on the insanity defense were quoted by courts in America and Great Britain. They were highly controversial because he challenged the legal and scientific status quo and was an uncompromising
Discusses the criminal act in terms of the sociology of deviant behavior. Growing incidence of child abductions in the U.S. Motivations for kidnapping including parental custody abduction, sexual predation/rape, profit, and homicidal intention. Reasons why kidnappers choose a deviant behavior; purposeful and conscious actions. Kidnapping as a "newsworthy" event.
Sociology of Deviant Behavior Kidnapping INTRODUCTION Major categories of deviant behavior include crime, drug abuse, alcoholism,... more
Sociology of Deviant Behavior Kidnapping INTRODUCTION Major categories of deviant behavior include crime, drug abuse, alcoholism, mental disorders, suicide, murder and kidnapping. As witnessed by the rapidly increasing numbers of child abductions, kidnapping is becoming a common element of deviant behavior in American society and one that is drawing widespread media coverage. A number of sociologists from Durkheim to Becker argue that social groups manifest deviance because they make rules that if transgressed constitute deviance. There are biological, psychological and sociological theories of deviance. Biological theories of deviance would posit biological characteristics or inheritance as factors influencing the kidnapper. Psycho
Application of Article 34o to "honor" killings. Reduced sentences for male perpetrators who commit "honor" crimes against female members of their family. Attempt to abolish Art. 340. Background of honor crimes. Violent acts against women, including murder of a female relative who allegedly engaged in illicit sexual activity.
'HONOR CRIMES' AND THE JORDANIAN PENAL CODE This research paper discusses and analyzes the origins, including the legislative and judicial... more
'HONOR CRIMES' AND THE JORDANIAN PENAL CODE This research paper discusses and analyzes the origins, including the legislative and judicial history, of Articles 340 and 98 of the Jordanian Penal Code, which sanction reduced sentences for, or total exculpation of, male perpetrators who commit 'honor killings' or other 'honor crimes' against female members of their families. In response to international criticism of Jordan's traditionally lax approach to the prosecution and punishment of honor crime killers, the Jordanian government has recently attempted, with only partial success, to abolish Art. 340 and to increase the punishment meted out to such offenders. These efforts have engendered sharp controversy between the royal family of King Abdullah II and other modernizing elites, on the