Discusses the 1992 book of television journalism. The book as a frame of reference for critical thinking about mass-market merchandising of presenting information to the public. The issue of whether much of the information is of news value, or just entertainment value. Contention of the authors that TV news is not good. Danger of viewers believing they are becoming reliably informed.
The big picture of How to Watch TV News is that it is a frame of reference for critical thinking about television journalism, or, more generally,... more
The big picture of How to Watch TV News is that it is a frame of reference for critical thinking about television journalism, or, more generally, mass-market merchandising of the presentation to the public of information that is called--but is not necessarily--news. Taking as its starting point the fact that access to news means, or more exactly is widely believed to mean, access to informed perspective on what is important to understand about the culture, the political environment, and the status of social and personal well-being, How to Watch takes the view that the form (usually) and content (frequently) of television journalism increasingly tend toward having entertainment rather than information value. The result is that television news is performance masquerading as presentation. And in consequence, argue the authors, the news (so to speak) is not good.
Compares and contrasts two sitcoms. Examines the TV families of "The Jeffersons" and "The Hughleys." Compares similar episodes to analyze what has changed and what has stayed the same over the past 25 years. Basic premise and characters of both shows. Differing life styles portrayed on each. Topics based on societal changes.
Introduction “The more things change, the more they stay the same,” is how the old saying goes. It has also been said that stereotypes start... more
Introduction “The more things change, the more they stay the same,” is how the old saying goes. It has also been said that stereotypes start somewhere. This could not be more true than when applied to the concept of the family as perceived by the pop culture on television. Ever since the days of radio, families all over the United States have spent evenings listening or watching as a make-believe families either laughed or cried themselves through another episode. Through the years the “face” of these families have remained the same, yet many other basic assumptions have changed along the way. This paper will compare and contrast two of those TV families, “The Jeffersons” and “The Hughleys”, by comparing similar episodes to examine what has changed and what has stayed the same over the last 25 years.
Examines four documentary television films related to war, politics and the media. The the 1988 "Coverup: Behind the Iran-Contra Affair, the 1992 "Panama Deception," the 1991 "Desert Storm: The War Begins," and the 1993 "Manufacturing Consent: Noam Chomsky and the Media." Central concerns of the films. Role of news gathering organizations.
Political documentary films have addressed a wide range of topics and have frequently seemed to produce action where the impact of the written word... more
Political documentary films have addressed a wide range of topics and have frequently seemed to produce action where the impact of the written word was far more limited. Indeed, filmed (or videotaped) news reports have even been credited with turning the American people against the war in Vietnam. But the responses of the military, the government, and the mainstream media to this presumed potential have concentrated on reducing the perceived threat of reporting by a number of means. Once it is clear, or seems to be clear, that a medium is capable of exposing activities to the public the leaders of the American executive and military often seem to think the logical response is simply to hide it better rather than, as it once seemed, to correct the problems. The 1971 CBs television documentary, The Selling of the
Examines and contrasts two different perspectives. David Miller's argument that national cutlure must be protected, even at the expense of individual liberities. John Stuart Mills' philosophy that the principle of freedom and individuality should prevail. Issue involved is regulation that Canadian broadcasters must restrict amount of foreign programs.
In their respective works, John Stuart Mills and David Miller offer contrasting perspectives on this issue of content restrictions on Canadian... more
In their respective works, John Stuart Mills and David Miller offer contrasting perspectives on this issue of content restrictions on Canadian television. Mills’ work, On Liberty, celebrates the principle of freedom and individuality. On the other hand, Miller’s work, On Nationality, highlights the importance of protecting national culture, even at the expense of individual liberties. Thus, Mills would regard the requirement that Canadian broadcasters restrict their amount of foreign programs to 65 percent as a gross invasion of individual freedom. In contrast, Miller would agree that this regulation is necessary to prevent further erosion of the Canadian culture through American programming. The basic premise of Mills’ position is that individuals should have the freedom to think and act as they wish, as long as th
Discusses funding issues of the Corporation for Public Broadcasting and the Public Broadcasting System (PBS). Impact of the increase of corporate funding to replace cuts in government funding. Problem of continued viewer financial support. Makeup & budget of PBS. Response of Presidental administrations to funding public broadcasting. Canadian system.
In order for the Corporation for Public Broadcasting and the Public Broadcasting System to survive and flourish as they have for the last three... more
In order for the Corporation for Public Broadcasting and the Public Broadcasting System to survive and flourish as they have for the last three decades, the issue of funding is of vital importance. Recent efforts by political enemies of PBS to cut funding have forced the issues of government funding and of alternative funding methods onto the national agenda. PBS has responded by considering different ways of bringing in revenues to replace government funding in case such funding is cut. One of the ways being explored is increased corporate funding, even to the point of showing commercials on public television. This challenges the way PBS has always operated, raises questions about continuing viewer support, and might remove the appearance of independence that has marked the network since its inception. To date, PBS has not gone so far as to sell commercials as
Analysis of talk shows and "reality" shows. Characterized as programs that seek out the lowest common denominator, sordid topics and sexual misconduct. Purpose of high ratings and advertising fees. The success of these shows and TV viewers. Network and Cable shows. Arguments that such shows are designed as entertainment with moral lessons.
Trash TV, which consists of talk shows such as those of Jerry Springer and the "reality shows" such as Survivor and The Real World, has... more
Trash TV, which consists of talk shows such as those of Jerry Springer and the "reality shows" such as Survivor and The Real World, has been characterized by Jim Impoco (1996) as consisting of programs that deliberately seek out the lowest common denominator, focus on sordid and squalid topics, and often interject a fair amount of blatant sexual misconduct into their contents. Driving the proliferation of "trash TV" is a quest for higher ratings from audiences and higher advertising fees from sponsors (Crabtree, 1995). In this brief report, it will be argued that the redeeming social value of such shows, which include talk shows and "reality programs" like Survivor and its ilk is minimal at best and non-existent at worst. Crabtree (1995) commented fairly early on that trash TV,
Discusses development of news in media. Transition from radio news to television news. Network news programming and cult of personalities. Reasons for decline of newspapers and TV network news. Growth of cable television and its all-news channels 24/7. Formation of CNN. Fox News Channel competition. High viewer ratings for cable news networks. Outline.
THE CABLE NEWS CHANNELS’ COMPETITION WITH THE NETWORKS OUTLINE: Introduction- the development of news from newspaper to radio to network... more
THE CABLE NEWS CHANNELS’ COMPETITION WITH THE NETWORKS OUTLINE: Introduction- the development of news from newspaper to radio to network television to the growth of Cable networks that cover news 24 hours a day, seven days a week, and in detail. Body Network news programming Powered by personalities Decline in ratings since cable news Cable news networks as an anchor for cable TV CNN founding and slow growth split into half-hour and lengthier
Applies the theory to television sitcoms. Sole purpose of shows to create messages. Role of TV as an instrument to present things to people. Bakhtin's theory and situational comedies such as "CHEERS," "SEINFELD," and "THE SIMPSONS." Bakhtin's "chronotype" in relation to "THE SIMPSONS." Three types: the rogue, the fool and the clown.
A Bakhtinian Analysis of the Chronotopical Tensions in “The Simpsons” Introduction “Facts, shmacts! Don’t worry about facts... more
A Bakhtinian Analysis of the Chronotopical Tensions in “The Simpsons” Introduction “Facts, shmacts! Don’t worry about facts Lisa. People can use facts to prove anything. Forget facts and listen to Daddy.” (Homer J. Simpson, 1990) This paper will maintain the generally accepted critical view adopted by certain neo-Bakhtinians that the essential role of television as a medium is an instrument used in order to present things to other people (Hebidge, 1988). Essentially it extends the ability of one person or group to reach other people, and is not a way of social enhancement. Today’s omni-presentational approaches television as a manifestation of certain definite, prescribed and proscribed efforts by people (producers
Critical analysis of NBC sitcom. Compared to "The Mary Tyler Moore Show" in terms of bringing new social issues to public view.
The controversies generated by television programming often appear in very different lights depending on which critical approach one takes to them. A... more
The controversies generated by television programming often appear in very different lights depending on which critical approach one takes to them. A brief analysis of the NBC series Will and Grace (1998-) via the "cultural" approach of Newcomb and Hirsch and the Gramscian "hegemonic" analysis of Gitlin provides insights into the program and into the theories as well. Will and Grace is a sitcom that deals with the lives of the title characters, respectively a very successful New York attorney and an interior designer. Will is gay and Grace is straight and the supporting characters, Jack and Karen, are Will's friend and Grace's do-nothing employee. Jack and Karen are a flamboyant, self-involved gay man and a flamboyant, self-involved straight woman. Both are comic sexual predators; Jack wants to sleep with every man he meets and Karen has married an
Analysis of changing role of women & media portrayals; societal impact; distorted images of women on TV. Examples of TV shows.
The role of women on television has changed over the history of the medium, reflecting changes in the society over the same period. Social roles for... more
The role of women on television has changed over the history of the medium, reflecting changes in the society over the same period. Social roles for women have changed since World War II. Media portrayals of women have been criticized for some time, and television in particular is seen as distorting many facets of American life in pursuit of commercial interests. Movies are accused of ignoring women more and more in our mass culture, and advertising in magazines and newspapers is seen as presenting a distorted view of women in particular, using them as sex objects to sell products. Television is perhaps our most immediate mass medium, entering our homes 24 hours a day, and the image of women on television has a particular power. By the 1970s, women's roles were changing form the more traditional to a somewhat different emphasis on