Compares origins, techniques, aims, applications & effectiveness of two approaches to education of deaf children.
American Sign Language verses Signed English American Sign Language began being used in the early 1800s (Bochner & Albertini 14). It is now... more
American Sign Language verses Signed English American Sign Language began being used in the early 1800s (Bochner & Albertini 14). It is now recognised as a separate language apart from English. The linguistical constraints of ASL are different from those of spoken or signed English. In the 1960s, several groups of professionals were concerned about the academic levels, especially reading levels, of hearing impaired students. In reaction to these low scores, methods of encoding English into sign were begun. ASL, signed English, and spoken English are valid forms of communication. The big question is: Should deaf or hearing impaired children be taught in English or in another language? In the United States children are taught to read and write in English. Deaf children who are primarily ASL
Rhetorical analysis of July 26, 1969, TV address explaining senator's role in drowning of Mary Jo Kopechne. Structure, narrative, purpose, Kennedy mythos.
Introduction On July 25, 1969, speaking from the library of his father's home in Hyannis Port, Senator Edward M. Kennedy of Massachusetts... more
Introduction On July 25, 1969, speaking from the library of his father's home in Hyannis Port, Senator Edward M. Kennedy of Massachusetts addressed the voters of Massachusetts--and, by live network television, the American public--on his involvement in an automobile accident that resulted in the death of a woman passenger, Mary Jo Kopechne. That accident had taken place on Chappaquiddick Island, Massachusetts, six days earlier; Kennedy's ambiguous responsibility for the accident--and his subsequent delay in reporting it---set up a scenario where he faced both criminal charges and public censure. On the morning of July 26, the criminal issues were resolved with a suspended sentence on a plea of guilty to the misdemeanor of "leaving the scene of an accident." The address that evening, henceforth described as the
Describes linguist's ideas on second language learning, transformational grammar, applications, critical views.
Introduction The purpose of this paper is briefly delineate Chomsky's theory of language learning and to then examine research and theory which... more
Introduction The purpose of this paper is briefly delineate Chomsky's theory of language learning and to then examine research and theory which has attempted to delineate and/or test the extent to which this theory might be related to foreign language teaching in high school and middle school. The review begins with a very brief description of some of the key concepts of Chomsky's linguistic model. Chomsky's Perspective of Language Learning Noam Chomsky was a linguist who first came to fame when he took issue with the behavioristic notions of B.F. Skinner arguing that no theory of language learning could be practically based on operant conditioning principles; as Chomsky viewed it, parents simply did not go to such ends to correct their children's
Definitions of language, sources, impact of geography, classification, distribution, dialects.
Language is a vital part of human life, and there are hundreds of different languages in use in the world today. Yet, there is much that is not known... more
Language is a vital part of human life, and there are hundreds of different languages in use in the world today. Yet, there is much that is not known about the origin of language, the way languages have developed, and the relationships among certain languages, and even the manner of our acquisition of language. Linguists have developed the idea of different families of language to show how certain existing languages developed from an earlier root, though whether all languages can at some point be traced back to a single Ur-language remains a controversial subject. An examination of the problems in defining language and of the patterns discerned in language distribution in the world will help define the issues faced in the study of languages. Mario Pei notes that the languages of the world have only been imperfectly studied and classified and that too little is
Critical review of work on different conversation styles of men & women & resulting difficulties in communicating.
Deborah Tannen, in You Just Don't Understand: Women and Men in Conversation, has two primary purposes in mind. First, she wants to describe and give... more
Deborah Tannen, in You Just Don't Understand: Women and Men in Conversation, has two primary purposes in mind. First, she wants to describe and give examples of how men and women have very different ways of conversing. Second, she wants to suggest that once we come to understand these different ways of communicating, we can begin to make allowances for the opposite gender's communications and as a result experience more successful exchanges of information, ideas and feelings in conversation. Tannen does not want us to radically change our ways of conversing, but rather to show why men and women misunderstand one another so frequently. Men basically believe that women in conversation want to take away their freedom, that there is something threatening about the way women converse. Women, on the
French philosopher's attempt to determine scientific qualities of writing & create grammatological system.
Jacques Derrida, French critic and philosopher, argues that a science of writing can never exist because a completely coherent system depends on the... more
Jacques Derrida, French critic and philosopher, argues that a science of writing can never exist because a completely coherent system depends on the what he says is the metaphysical possibility of the full presence of certain fundamental elements, while writing in his view "ruptures" full presence and thus makes a coherent system impossible. Derrida then concludes that simplicity should not be given privilege over difference and that the apprehension of full presence in the interior of the individual soul is merely imaginary. Derrida begins with the statement that the concept of writing should define the field of a science (Derrida 27), and a science of writing, he says, should look for its object at the roots of scientificity. He says that the history of writing would turn back to the origin of historicity and stand as a
Theory, types, motivations, effectiveness, detection of, equivocation vs. falsification, role of familiarity.
Communication in the course of the day is based to a very great degree on trust. We know that deception is always possible in the process of... more
Communication in the course of the day is based to a very great degree on trust. We know that deception is always possible in the process of communication, but we generally trust that people with whom we are intimate are communicating with us in an honest fashion. Research has shown that deception often takes place in interpersonal communications, and sometimes it is detected and sometimes it is not. This raises the question of how deception is detected and how accurate the individual can be in deception detection. An examination of the research in this area will show how this issue is being analyzed and tested. Burgoon, Buller, Ebesu, and Rockwell (1994) note one reason why this issue has become so important in research--they point to the fact that media attention to a number of issues of deception, from the erosion of business ethics to the rise of cheating among
Rhetorical analysis of address on health care & public interest on basis of pattern of Identification, Demonization, Information, Reassurance & Inspiration.
On June 13, 1993, Hilary Rodham Clinton addressed the American Medical Association in Chicago, Illinois; the subject of her speech was "Health Care:... more
On June 13, 1993, Hilary Rodham Clinton addressed the American Medical Association in Chicago, Illinois; the subject of her speech was "Health Care: We Can Make A Difference." Ms. Clinton was speaking to the AMA in two capacities: as Chairperson in charge of the President's Task Force on Health Care - and as the wife of recently elected President William (Bill) Clinton. During his presidential election campaign less than a year earlier, Bill Clinton had pledged to give health care reform one of his top priorities, subsequently assigning his acknowledged chief advisor, Hilary Clinton (Carlson, 1992, 28), the role of researching and formulating a comprehensive reform package his Administration would then present to Congress. Together with the respected former Wall Street analyst Ira Magaziner, Ms. Clinton formed and headed a 500-member task force
Analysis of style, audience, humor, logic, subjects; brief biography.
Ann Richards may have lost the recent election for governor of Texas, a race in which she was the incumbent, but she is clearly a political leader... more
Ann Richards may have lost the recent election for governor of Texas, a race in which she was the incumbent, but she is clearly a political leader with strong persuasive powers. She has been an important figure in Texas politics for some time and rose to prominence on the national scene first when she became the first female governor of Texas in more than 50 years and later when she made a speech before the Democratic National Convention in 1988 making fun of fellow Texan and George Bush. An analysis of her style will center on a speech she delivered at the Democratic Issues conference sponsored by the National Legislative Education Foundation on January 30, 1992 at Piney Point, Maryland. Ann Richards was born Dorothy Ann Willis on September 1, 1933 in Lakeview, Texas, a small town outside of Waco. Her