Argues that this is not a cure-all treatment & should not be used for all sex offenders. How chemical castration (Depo Provera) works in treating paraphiliacs, but is not effective for the majority of sex offenders. Cites several reasons against chemical castration including danger of releasing sex offenders taking Depo Provera; infringement on Constitutional rights.
Chemical castration for sex offenders is a punishment that is rapidly gaining in popularity in the U.S., but does its effectiveness justify the... more
Chemical castration for sex offenders is a punishment that is rapidly gaining in popularity in the U.S., but does its effectiveness justify the violation of the rights of those treated with it? While chemical castration has been found to be effective in treating one type of sexual offender, chemical castration laws are calling for such treatments to be performed on all types of sexual offenders. The evidence indicates that the limited benefits of chemical castration are outweighed by the significant infringements of rights against those it will not help and the false sense of security that it provides. Chemical castration is becoming a popular ‘get tough’ measure against sex offenders that is gaining popularity across the country. In 1996 California became the first state to enact a chemical castration law, and in 1997 three other states
Argues against bearing arms. Contends that the Second Amendment of the U.S. Constitution does not provide unequivocal support for unlimited citizen possession of all types of guns. The lack of the need for ordinary, non-military citizens to fulfill the function of national defense in modern times.
Gun Control Gun control has emerged as one of the more contentious and emotionally charged issues in American politics, with advocates of gun... more
Gun Control Gun control has emerged as one of the more contentious and emotionally charged issues in American politics, with advocates of gun control legislation as passionate about their position as members of the National Rifle Association and other gun ownership supporters. It will be argued in this brief essay that the meaning of the seminal words in the American Constitution that refer to this issue – “A well-regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed" (quoted in Amar 103) – do not provide unequivocal support for unlimited citizen possession of all types of guns. Those who call for almost unlimited access on the part of citizens to firearms of all types and descriptions always make reference to the foregoing
Argues celibacy of priesthood should be amended. Discusses celibacy as a rule, not a doctrine. Claims allowing priests to marry would result in a healthier church. History of sexual abuse by clergy. Contends that celibacy may cause some priests to become emotionally and psychologically unstable. Presents two arguments, objections and rebuttals.
Would changing the rules in the Roman Catholic Church in regards to celibacy prevent brutal acts of child molestation? Introduction ... more
Would changing the rules in the Roman Catholic Church in regards to celibacy prevent brutal acts of child molestation? Introduction According to the Catholic Encyclopedia, celibacy for the clergy of the Catholic Church is "the renunciation of marriage implicitly or explicitly made, for the more perfect observance of chastity, by all those who receive the Sacrament of Orders in any of the higher grades" (Thurston, 1999, http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/03481a.htm). This disciplinary rule was initiated in the 12th century in an effort to systemize and regulate a scattered church (White, 1999). During the Middle Ages, offering daily Mass had become the standard and some considered it inappropriate to have sexual relations the evening before celebrating Mass, a celibate clergy would relieve
Presents argements against legalization because of greater risks if would entail. History of usage. Political factors.
America’s war on drugs has been an abysmal failure, according to many critics. They claim that the drug trade continues largely unabated, leaving... more
America’s war on drugs has been an abysmal failure, according to many critics. They claim that the drug trade continues largely unabated, leaving corruption and death in its wake. Consequently, they call for the legalization of drugs. This paper will argue against that proposal based on political models (incrementalism and rationalism) and the risks that would be created by legalization. No drug makes those risks more apparent than heroin, which has already wrought great harm. Proponents of legalization maintain that drug use is endemic in society, so attempts at prohibition are fruitless. Worse, the war on drugs causes more harm than good. Such harm includes the thousands of addicts who are imprisoned rather than treated, billions of dollars spent to deter drug traffickers that could be better spent elsewhere, the corruption of government officials (both
Discusses findings on deterrence, social issues. Argues current death penalty system is unfair & morally wrong.
Capital punishment is immoral and has not been proven to be effective. It is immoral because it denies the basic principle it is meant to uphold (that... more
Capital punishment is immoral and has not been proven to be effective. It is immoral because it denies the basic principle it is meant to uphold (that human life is precious). In addition, the evidence referenced in this study shows that the death penalty does not deter individuals from committing crimes for which they night be sentenced to death. The death penalty is also unfairly applied, based on race and socioeconomics, among other factors. The only argument which can still be effectively pressed by pro-capital punishment forces is that it is an effective retributive action against those convicted of capital crimes. With respect to the question of deterrence, Radelet and Akers report on their efforts "to determine if there is consensus among expert criminologists on whether the death
Presents arguments against capital punishment incl. Moral & cultural issues; purposes of criminal punishment; discriminatory application of penalty.
ABOLITION OF THE DEATH PENALTY The death penalty should be abolished in the United States because it embodies the most savage and barbaric... more
ABOLITION OF THE DEATH PENALTY The death penalty should be abolished in the United States because it embodies the most savage and barbaric instincts of mankind and runs counter to the basic ethical values of Western civilization, because it serves no useful purpose in deterring violent crime and because it has been applied by a flawed criminal justice system to discriminate unfairly against racial and other minorities and to undermine the presumption of innocence. Moral and Cultural Arguments Against Capital Punishment Reverence for the sanctity of human life lies at the heart of all the world's great religions, and finds expression in the Biblical injunction, 'thou shalt not kill,' except in defense of self or others, such as in just wars. However, Biblical
Discusses 6 reasons why free music service should continue. Copyright infringement issue. Cites reports.
This paper takes the position that it is not in the best interests of the public for the government to shut down Napster. The company, which was... more
This paper takes the position that it is not in the best interests of the public for the government to shut down Napster. The company, which was founded last year, is one of the Internet's fastest-growing Web sites and enables users to find and trade songs between computers, free of charge. In December 1999, Napster was sued by major record companies which contended that the company was contributing to copyright infringement. Napster should be allowed to continue its free service for the following reasons: 1. The Napster concept is cutting edge technology; its high powered connections are fast, easy and convenient. The Napster concept could revolutionize infotech and energize the PC industry. 2. Napster technology can help everyone involved in music-consu
Argues that penalties imposed on female convicts should be different than those of male defendants convicted of same crimes. Historical relationship of women to judicial system. Motivating forces.
This paper argues that the penalties imposed on female defendants convicted of a crime should differ from those given to male defendants convicted of... more
This paper argues that the penalties imposed on female defendants convicted of a crime should differ from those given to male defendants convicted of the same crimes. Women represent a very small proportion of the criminal population in America. Their gender has, historically, tended to give them different treatment from that of the men undergoing the same system of justice. Most often, women have been treated more leniently, although some aspects of automatic justice, particularly the mandatory sentencing system, have worked against them. This paper argues that women should be continue to be given different penalties from men because their relationship to the judicial system and to society as a whole is different from that of men, though not for all of the same reasons that have dictated past discrepancies. The three
Argues it is immoral; creates a fearful, angry environment; does not teach children lessons of right & wrong.
It is Immoral to Spank Children Spanking is one of the most common methods of discipline used by parents. Even though the very same parents do... more
It is Immoral to Spank Children Spanking is one of the most common methods of discipline used by parents. Even though the very same parents do not condone hitting people, they believe that spanking is a quick and effective method for exterminating unwanted behavior or encouraging desired behavior (Ramsburg 1). Ironically, by using a violent and hurtful means of discipline, parents are instilling negative values in their children. Basically, it is immoral to spank children. Furthermore, the moral consequences of spanking children has lifelong adverse effects. For young children, parents are their primary role models. When parents spank their children, they send a powerful message to their children that violence is a way to respond to problems (Ramsburg 2). This causes children to learn that people can control the behav
Argues code will have positive impact on behavior of middle & elementary school students. Need for, examples, statistics, role of parents, student rights.
Resolved: A dress code will have a positive impact on the behavior of middle and elementary school students. Principals surveyed during the... more
Resolved: A dress code will have a positive impact on the behavior of middle and elementary school students. Principals surveyed during the 1996-97 school year reported that three "serious or moderate problems in their schools" were student tardiness (40 percent of principals), student absenteeism or class cutting (25 percent), and physical conflicts among students (21 percent) (Violence: Principals, 1998, p. 1). Teacher responses to a survey conducted by the National Center for Education Statistics reveal that "from 1990-91 to 1993-94, public elementary school teachers increasingly reported physical conflicts as moderate or serious problems... with almost 30 percent making these reports in 1993-94." Elementary school teachers citing weapons possession as a problem increased from 2.2 percent in 1990-91 to 3.4 percent in 1993-94 (Rossi &