Examines consequences on American society of older workers. Discrimination. Aging of baby boomers; retirement and ramifications for the economy. Benefits of hiring & retaining older workers. Compensation/ benefits packages. Lack of available younger workers. Effect on global eonomy of an older workforce. Challenges for employers. African American older workers.
Introduction The baby boomers are perhaps the most studied generation in the history of the United States. This first post-World War II... more
Introduction The baby boomers are perhaps the most studied generation in the history of the United States. This first post-World War II generation, larger than any generation before it, has shaped America's attitudes toward clothing, war, race relations, music and family with greater influence than any other group. Some of its members fought the Viet Nam War at the same time that others protested the same war. This is the generation that gave rise to the terms "hippie," "yuppie," and "dink." This generation has also benefited from a panoply of programs, government-sponsored and private, including Head Start for its children, Medicare for its parents, and 401(k) funds offered through employers. It is a generation generally considered better off than its parents, and as it has moved through life's stages, it has changed the nation at
Discusses increasing number of elderly in long term care facilities. What can be done to make long term care better. Impact of cost, quality, access of Medicare and Medicaid, and new technology in nursing homes. Reasons why costs vary. What constitutes quality nursing homes. Problem of access. Alternative care.
Nursing Homes Introduction The number of elderly who are living longer is on the rise because of new methods of treatments, new medications... more
Nursing Homes Introduction The number of elderly who are living longer is on the rise because of new methods of treatments, new medications and use of medical technology to improve their life span. On any given day, nursing homes, or as many are now called, “long-term care facilities”, are caring for about one in twenty Americans over the age of 65. Almost half of all Americans turning 65 this year will be admitted into a nursing home at least once. It is projected that in 2020, 40 percent of Americans will die in nursing homes. As the numbers increase in utilization of nursing homes, there is increasing concern about cost, quality and access- concerns that need to get attention. The purpose of this research paper is to discuss what has been done in recent years and what can be done in th
Discusses evaluating nutrition for the elderly population. Issue of mindset of the elederly, as well as availability of food, vitamins and supplements. Problem of the institutionalized elderly who have an inadequate intake of specific nutrients. Food habits. Measures to build up the daily nutrient intake of the elderly and increase awareness of proper nutrition.
THE ELDERLY AND NUTRITION: AN EVALUATION An overwhelming number of senior citizens, who are not institutionalized have an inadequate intake... more
THE ELDERLY AND NUTRITION: AN EVALUATION An overwhelming number of senior citizens, who are not institutionalized have an inadequate intake of specific nutrients, as recommended by the 1980 Daily Dietary Allowances. For many, the fact that they are not “eating properly” is balanced, in their minds, by taking vitamins and other supplements whose products are heavily advertised on TV, radio, and in publications such as that of the AARP. Perhaps there is no more important aspect of providing proper nutrition for the elderly in the coming years than being able to realize that a “quick fix” like taking vitamin or supplements does not replace proper nutrition. "The first line of attack for many problems is already diet-centered…Despite all the breakthroughs in nutritional research, deciding what and how to eat can still be enormously c
Discusses importance of love, intimacy and sex for healthy aging. Societal views of older people regarding sexual activity. Refers to studies and surveys on sex and aging. Women as victims of ageism more than men. Need for sex education for older people. Loss of work-related relationships and other close relationships.
The topic of Love, Intimacy and Sexuality in the area of healthy aging is of major importance today for several relevant reasons. "A happy sex life is... more
The topic of Love, Intimacy and Sexuality in the area of healthy aging is of major importance today for several relevant reasons. "A happy sex life is part of the enjoyment of good health. Enjoyable sex refreshes both the mind and body" (Gillie & Mercer, 1979, p. 158). The elderly population is increasing annually at the same time that a youth-culture mentality is flourishing. A commonly held societal view is that older people ought not, or do not want to engage in sexual activity. Studies and research data, however, indicate that there is no automatic cut-off age for sexual activity. The loss of desire and need for love and intimacy are not dependent on the calendar. While there are significant changes in the physical and psychological aspects of sex with age, in the absence of illness or psychological factors, such changes do not lessen the capacity to en
Examines clinical issues and inteventions that therapists could use working the the elderly Hispanic population. Devising interventions that work. Acknowledging differing values and perspectives. Sociocultural factors. Components of Hispanic culture. Family relations. Developmental issues of the elderly; psychological problems and dementia. Types of therapeutic interventions. Possible approaches.
Clinical Issues and Interventions with the Elderly Hispanic Population Introduction Although the movement is still small, there has been... more
Clinical Issues and Interventions with the Elderly Hispanic Population Introduction Although the movement is still small, there has been recognition that multicultural factors impact the therapeutic process, and that acknowledgment of differing values and perspectives is important in devising interventions that work. The intention in this paper is to look specifically at the elderly Hispanic population and the kinds of clinical issues and interventions that might be effective with these individuals. Sociocultural factors First, it is important to note that this is a diverse population in itself. There is both an immigrant population and a native population. Among the immigrants there are diverse gro
Discusses values important to the elderly. Identifies three major values: relationships, spirituality and quality of life including finances. Cultural views toward aging, with emphasis on the United States. Theories of human development. Family issues. Meaning of life; religious & non-religioius spirituality. Statistics regarding elderly Americans. Issue of how society and government will deal with an aging population.
Human beings have been dealing with the aging process since the earliest days of cognizance. Aging has been viewed differently historically by... more
Human beings have been dealing with the aging process since the earliest days of cognizance. Aging has been viewed differently historically by different societies. In Asia and South America, family members of advanced age are respected for their vast experience and included into the immediate family group. In the United States, which emphasizes youth and energy over age and wisdom, family members of advancing years are placed in nursing homes where they can live comfortably out of sight. However, as the baby-boomer generation rapidly advances in age, Americans will have to rethink their attitudes towards aging. In a rapidly aging society, the bias towards youth will have to be replaced by an added level of respect for the elderly and the values that are important to the aging demographic. This paper will discuss the value systems that are important to
Discusses issue of confidentiality and the Older Americans Act (OAA). Problem of patient privacy. Legal rights of patients to have medical and other relevant records held in confidence. Contention that laws are inadequate to protect frail, older patients receiving home health care. Issue of informed consent. Effect of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA).
Home Health Care, Confidentiality and the Older Americans Act Title of Act: Older Americans Act of 1965 as amended through March 2003more
Home Health Care, Confidentiality and the Older Americans Act Title of Act: Older Americans Act of 1965 as amended through March 2003 Section: Section 314 (42 U.S.C. 3030-c1) Rights Relating to In-Home Services for Frail Older Individuals Subsection: Subsection(3): “The right to confidentiality of records relating to such individual.” Introduction Contained in Section 314 (3) of the Older Americans Act of 1965 as amended through March 2003 is an enumeration of the rights of older individuals receiving in-home health services. Included in this enumeration is the right to confidentiality of medical records. This brief report will answer a series of questions related to this right an
Issues involved in geriatric counseling and therapy. Implications of a growing elderly population regarding psychiatric, medical and other types of care. Defines and discusses effects of ageism in the workplace and family unit. Incorrect assumptions of ageism. Therapy issue of countertransference and transference. Special psychiatric problems such as dementia. Assessment and interventions.
Older Adults in Counseling and Therapy Introduction Today, life expectancy in the United States is over 75 years – a fact that has... more
Older Adults in Counseling and Therapy Introduction Today, life expectancy in the United States is over 75 years – a fact that has created a substantial and growing population of the “elderly” who will require a significant amount of medical, psychiatric, and other types of care over time. Butler, Lewis, and Sunderland (1998) noted that a “demographic revolution” is underway in the United States in which members of the so-called “baby boomer” generation entering the period after age 65 will eventually comprise about 20 percent of the national population. Older individuals, male and female, wealthy and poor, urban and rural, will consume a disproportionate level of care resources in the coming decades. This “demographic revolution” demands that counselors and therapists de
Effects on family caregiver. Stress and financial hardship. Focus on "sandwich generation, " adults mainly women, caring for both the elderly of their family as well as their own children. Helping elders with tasks and activities of daily living. Role strain theory; three types. Implications of rising senior population.
According to the United States Bureau of the Census, as of 1995 there were at least 54 million people who were 55 years old or older and 33.5 million... more
According to the United States Bureau of the Census, as of 1995 there were at least 54 million people who were 55 years old or older and 33.5 million of those were over 65 years old (Mathur & Moschis, 1999). According to the National Alliance for Caregiving, more than 22 million homes in the United States has a family member or friend over the age of 50 years living as dependents in those homes. These numbers are likely to balloon by 2011 when the first wave of baby boomers reaches the age of 65 (Gerbman, 2000). A more recent survey conducted by AARP (American Association of Retired Persons) focussed on the quality of life of those who care for their aged family members. The survey specifically targeted the “Sandwich Generation”, those who are caring for both the elderly in their family as well as their own children (Baron, 2001). According to the survey, while most
Context of this growing problem. Definitions of abuse or mistreatment of the elderly. Physical, psychological, emotional, sexual and financial abuses and neglect. Risk factors for sexual and other abuse. Theoretical explanations regarding causes of elder abuse. Interventions and preventive measures including social services, health care and education with public awareness campaign.
Research regarding the extent of elder abuse is lacking, and research regarding elder sexual abuse is even more sparse. Reports point out that a... more
Research regarding the extent of elder abuse is lacking, and research regarding elder sexual abuse is even more sparse. Reports point out that a problem exists and is likely to become worse due to the aging of the world's population. It is stated that research regarding this issue, is where research was 20 years ago, regarding child abuse or violence against women. Population-based studies have found that 4-6% of the elderly are abused in the home and most are at risk from family members. In a U.S. National Elder Abuse Incidence Study, two-thirds of the perpetrators were adult children or spouses. It has also been found that the elderly are abused in nursing homes, hospitals, or other institutions; in one study, 36% of nursing home staff stated that they had witnessed at least one physical abuse incident with an elderly patient (Nelson, 2002).