|Magic realism is a literary genre originally developed in Latin America, and still associated particularly with Latin American literature. The genre has, however, spread beyond its region of origin; one of its leading contemporary practitioners, Salman Rushdie, has his roots half a world away from Latin America. Rushdie, however, has one important characteristic in common with Latin American writers such as Gabriel Garcia Marquez; he is a product of the modern Third World.
Magic realism, indeed, is a genre distinctly associated with the Third World. It has not, so far, taken root to any substantial degree among writers in the United States or other Western countries. The reason, we may suggest, is that magic realism is at least in part a fictional response to the political conditions of disruption and alienation that prevail in the Third